Yun, Chan-gyu. 2020. A Subadult Frontal of Daspletosaurus torosus (Theropoda: Tyrannosauridae) from the Late Cretaceous of Alberta, Canada with Implications for Tyrannosaurid Ontogeny and Taxonomy. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 17(2) (2020), 1-13. ISSN 1567-2158. 13 pages + 6 figures.

An isolated frontal bone of Daspletosaurus torosus (Theropoda: Tyrannosauridae) is desecribed which was probably found in the Dinosaur Park Formation (Upper Cretaceous) of Dinosaur Provincial Park, Alberta (Canada). It is important in terms of the first detailed osteological description of the frontal of Daspletosaurus torosus. The size and anatomical details of the specimen indicates the frontal belongs to a large subadult individual. This subadult frontal suggests that although ontogeny of Daspletosaurus torosus was generally similar to that of Tyrannosaurus rex, there were some distinct differences. Finally, certain features of this frontal bone indicate that some autapomorphies that have recently suggested for some tyrannosaurid taxa are inadequate due to their broad distribution within a clade.

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Brichieri-Colombi, Stephen. 2020. A Spurred Spiral Ramp for the Great Pyramid of Giza. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 17(3) (2020), 1-20. ISSN 1567-214X. 20 pages + 13 figures + 3 tables + 4 frames.

An easier and equally feasible configuration of spiral ramps for the construction of the Great Pyramid of Giza (Brichieri-Colombi, 2015), would be for a spiral ramp extended as a spur tangential to the pyramid rather than orthogonal to it. The general arrangement, which could have been used for many other large pyramids as well, is similar to that proposed by Lehner (1985: 129-132), but without the mass of temporary works that Lehner envisaged. It avoids the need to create a trench over the body of the pyramid during construction, as proposed by Arnold (1991: 98), while respecting the constraints imposed by the available tools, workforce capabilities and design features of the pyramid. Finding the ideal configuration would not have been easy for the ancient builders, but this paper demonstrates how they could have done so with models. It also addresses the key construction issues associated with spiral ramps. An analysis of the construction effort required demonstrates that a ramp slope of 1:6 (9.5⁰) would have minimised the work involved. This finding suggests that pyramid construction hypotheses should be evaluated in terms of both feasibility and optimality to assess which are the most likely to have been adopted by ancient Egyptians.

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Grajetzki, Wolfram. 2020. The Coffin of Nywty (Nuti), Saqqara. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 17(2) (2020), 1-29. ISSN 1567-214X. 29 pages + 7 figures + 34 plates.

The publication of a coffin found in 1982 by the excavations under the direction of the late Professor Peter Munro at Saqqara. The coffin dates to the 6th Dynasty and shows some rare features such as an offering list on the outside and the omission of gods’ names in the texts.

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Hornung, Jahn Jochen. 2020. Comments on “Ornithocheirus hilsensis” Koken, 1883 – one of the earliest dinosaur discoveries in Germany. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 17(1) (2020), 1-12. ISSN 1567-2158. 12 pages + 2 figures.

Based on a detailed morphological comparison of the original figures, the lost holotype of “Ornithocheirus hilsensis” is identified as the distal part of the proximal pedal phalanx from digit I of a large-sized theropod. The distinctness in the morphology of the distal epiphysis of this element from that present in the manus and in pedal digits II-IV of most theropods may have contributed to the ambiguous interpretation of this specimen in the course of discussion since the 1880s. Features that have been interpreted as indicating pneumaticity – that would support a pterosaur affiliation – can be alternatively explained by taphonomic and diagenetic processes. Aside of this unresolved question, the published information do not indicate the presence of any pterosaur synapomorphies. Although clearly a nomen dubium, “Ornithocheirus hilsensis” is a precious record of a large-sized theropod near the Valanginian/Hauterivian boundary of Central Europe. It is furthermore of significance as one of the historically earliest documented remains of a dinosaur from Germany.

Janssen, Rosalind. 2020. The Pleated Dress of Nywty. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 17(1) (2020), 1-11. ISSN 1567-214X. 11 pages + 4 figures.

A description of a fragment of a pleated dress, discovered in situ in 1982 by the late Peter Munro and his team in the tomb of Nywty. An evaluation of its importance for our understanding of pleated dresses in ancient Egypt.

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Yarmolovich, Victoria & Elena Chepel. 2019. Achaemenid Influence on Egyptian Pottery: New Evidence from Memphis. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 16(3) (2019), 1-27. ISSN 1567-214X. 27 pages + 7 figures, 3 tables.

The authors analyse new pottery finds from recent excavations of the Centre for Egyptological Studies (Russian Academy of Sciences [CES RAS]) at Memphis. Three groups of archaeological material present particular interest for our discussion: 14 fragments of high-necked bowls, 33 beakers, and one table amphora. All these vessels were produced using Egyptian clays, but their shapes imitate Persian types. Comparison of these new finds with Near Eastern parallels provides insights into aspects of the political agenda of the Achaemenid rulers of Egypt and the extent of cultural interaction and exchange in the 6th-4th c. BCE. The article includes a catalogue of the new pottery (with detailed descriptions, dates, archaeological contexts, and drawings), and a catalogue of the clays that were used in their production.

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Fradley, Michael & Servane Hardouin. 2019. Remote Sensing of Endangered Archaeology on Gebel Ataqah, Egypt. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 16(2) (2019), 1-21. ISSN 1567-214X. 21 pages + 9 figures.

This paper reports on a recent survey of a range of archaeological sites on and around Gebel Ataqah, a mountain area to the west of Suez. These sites were identified through the analysis of publicly available satellite imagery, principally Google Earth (GE), as part of the Endangered Archaeology in the Middle East and North Africa (EAMENA) project, supplemented by historical references to the area and notes published by earlier travellers. The absence of existing archaeological data is due to a military presence in this area, from at least the 1950s, limiting access and exploration. The results of this survey show high levels of archaeological potential across large parts of Gebel Ataqah that require more detailed analysis on the ground, in an important, yet often underexplored, region. A series of major current and future threats to these archaeological sites are also identified which, alongside the presented survey data, will inform any future heritage management schemes.

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Brichieri-Colombi, Stephen. 2019. The Ramp at Hatnub Quarry: No Solution for Pyramids. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 16(1) (2019), 1-21. ISSN 1567-214X. 21 pages + 10 figures, 5 tables.

Certain features of the ramp first uncovered by the IFAO/University of Liverpool team in 2015 at the Old Kingdom alabaster quarry at Hatnub have been heralded as a model for ramps used in construction of the Great Pyramid of Giza. These features include a steep slope of up 20% (11⁰), inclined stairways on both sides and post holes at regular intervals. The archaeologists hypothesize that these features allowed the haul team to be split into two groups, one hauling upslope with a direct pull, and the other downslope on ropes passed around the posts “acting as pulleys”, thus enabling a steep slope to be used. This paper is based on the physics of various arrangements and demonstrates that the hypothesis is untenable as the posts would have acted as bollards and provided no mechanical advantage. The posts were necessary because of the problems large haul teams would have had negotiating the curvature of the ramp. Interesting as the features at Hatnub are, they are unnecessary and undesirable on the ramps that would have been required for pyramid construction, and the hypothesis should be rejected.

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Creasman, Pearce Paul, Hayat Touchane, Christopher H. Baisan, Hussein Bassir, Rebecca Caroli, Noreen Doyle, Hannah Herrick, Magdi A. Koutkat, Ramzi Touchan. 2017. An Illustrated Glossary of Arabic-English Dendrochronology Terms and Names. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 14(3) (2017), 1-35. ISSN 1567-214X. 35 pages + 52 figures.

dendro_frontيُقدم‭ ‬هذا‭ ‬الفهرس‭ ‬المصور‭ ‬مجموعة‭ ‬مختارة‭ ‬من‭ ‬أهم‭ ‬أسماء‭ ‬ومصطلحات‭ ‬علم‭ ‬الدندروكرونولوجى‭ ‬باللغتين‭ ‬العربية‭ ‬والإنجليزية‭. ‬ويهدف‭ ‬إلى‭ ‬تعريف‭ ‬متحدثي‭ ‬اللغة‭ ‬العربية‭ ‬بأدبيات‭ ‬هذا‭ ‬العلم‭ ‬على‭ ‬أمل‭ ‬تطبيق‭ ‬أبحاث‭ ‬حلقات‭ ‬نمو‭ ‬الأشجار‭ ‬بصورة‭ ‬أوسع‭ ‬فى‭ ‬الدراسات‭ ‬الأثرية‭ ‬وخصوصاً‭ ‬بـمصر

This illustrated glossary presents a selection of essential terms and people in the study of dendrochronology‭, ‬in Arabic and English‭. ‬It is intended to make accessible an array of related literature to Arabic readers‭, ‬in hopes that the application of tree‭-‬ring research will be more widely applied to archaeological studies‭, ‬especially in Egypt‭.‬

Harrell, James A. 2017. A Preliminary Overview of Ancient Egyptian Stone Beads. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 14(2) (tEBP Series) (2017), 1-16. ISSN 1567-214X. 16 pages + 2 tables.

beads_JHHStone beads are one of the most common artifacts of ancient Egypt, but despite this they have received little attention from scholars. The first and only attempt at a comprehensive study is the late 1930’s investigation of Nai Xia, who looked at beads in all materials at what is now the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, University College London, UK. The present survey builds on the work of Xia, and offers summaries on two aspects of stone beads: first, the relative amounts of rock and mineral varieties used during each period of Egyptian history; and second, the changes in bead form, perforation and polish through time for broad categories of stone.

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Theis, Christoffer. 2017. Egyptian Funerary Cones from Various Auctions and Collections. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 14(1) (2017), 1-25. ISSN 1567-214X. 25 pages + 2 figures.

TheisFrontThe article presents a list of funerary cones, which were not included in one of the last collections of the material. These objects were mainly collected from auctions, and the aim is to make these cones available for scholars.

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Harry M. Maisch, IV, Martin A. Becker, Ben H. Raines & John A. Chamberlain, Jr. 2016. Osteichthyans from the Tallahatta–Lisbon Formation Contact (middle Eocene–Lutetian) Pigeon Creek, Conecuh-Covington Counties, Alabama with Comments on Transatlantic Occurrences in the Northern Atlantic Ocean Basin. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 13, 3 (2016), 1-22. ISSN 1567-2158. 22 pages, 4 figures.

Maisch_etal_2016frontA disconformity and lag deposit that separates the Tallahatta and Lisbon Formations along Pigeon Creek near Red Level, Conecuh-Covington Counties, Alabama contains osteichthyan remains belonging to: Pycnodus sp.; Lepisosteus sp.; Albula sp.; Egertonia isodonta Cocchi, 1864; Cylindracanthus rectus Agassiz, 1843; Sphyraena sp.; Triciurides cf. T. sagittidens Winkler, 1874; Scomberomorus sp.; Ariidae gen. indet.; Ostraciidae gen. indet., and cf. Beryciformes. This fossil osteichthyan assemblage is similar to other contemporaneous nearshore faunas found throughout Alabama, the Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plains, and elsewhere throughout the Northern Ocean Basin. The accumulation and concentration of osteichthyans between the Tallahatta and Lisbon Formations is the result of third order eustatic sea level fluctuation and reflects a complex taphonomic history of exhumation, transport, and reburial across a shallow, middle Eocene shelf. Wide spread distribution of osteichthyan genera found in the Pigeon Creek assemblage demonstrates the continuity of shallow marine shelf environments of the Northern Atlantic Ocean Basin during the middle Eocene and the utility of osteichthyans in regional and transatlantic stratigraphic studies.

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Christophe Hendrickx & Matthew T. Carrano. 2016. Erratum on “An Overview of Non-Avian Theropod Discoveries and Classification”. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 13, 2 (2016), 1-7. ISSN 1567-2158. 7 pages, 1 figure, 1 table.

Hendricks_Carrano_PJVP_13_2_2016_frontIn their recent publication on an overview of theropod discoveries and classification, Hendrickx and colleagues mistakenly attributed the earliest historical reports of non-avian theropods in North America and South America to Joseph Leidy in 1856 and Florentino Ameghino in 1899, respectively. Yet, theropod tracks from Massachusetts had already been reported by Hitchcock in 1836, and isolated theropod centra from Patagonia were described by Lydekker in 1893. We here provide additional information on the earliest theropod discoveries in Asia, America and Oceania. We also credit Thomas Holtz as being the first author to give a phylogenetic definition for the clade Dilophosauridae, and correct the phylogenetic definitions of the clades Allosauroidea and Megalosauria.


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Stephen J. Jacquemin, David J. Cicimurri, Jun A. Ebersole, Madelyn Jones, Zach Whetstone & Charles N. Ciampaglio. 2016. Quantifying heterodonty in the late Devonian (Upper Famennian) sharks Cladoselache and Ctenacanthus from the Ohio Shale, USA. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 13, 1 (2016), 1-20. ISSN 1567-2158. 20 pages + 5 plates, 7 figures.

FrontJacqDifferentiation of tooth size and shape within the jaw (i.e. heterodonty) is an expected pattern in the majority of Neoselachii sharks. Various forms of heterodonty may be observed within an individual set of jaws, which can be the result of tooth position (monognathic), upper or lower jaw position (dignathic), tooth file or developmental position (ontogeny), or between male and female in sex specific differences (gynandric). Heterodonty patterns result from natural selection as a functional linkage tied to feeding niche for both feeding performance and dietary diversity. However, the types and/or degree of heterodonty present in Devonian sharks such as Cladoselache and Ctenacanthus have not previously been discussed or quantified in the literature. The objective of this study was to analyze a number of associated dentitions from representatives of these two genera, all collected from the Cleveland Shale Member of the Ohio Shale (upper Famennian; Upper Devonian), to test for, and quantify, various types of heterodonty within and across taxonomic lineages of early cladodont sharks. Geometric morphometrics and linear measurements were used to describe tooth shape and resulting axes and measurements were regressed with jaw position, tooth file position, and upper versus lower jaw to test for differentiation associated with various types of heterodonty. Teeth from Cladoselache and Ctenacanthus dentitions that were examined did not show any variation in tooth shape consistent with heterodonty. However, tooth size did vary slightly with jaw position and the presence of symphyseal teeth at the lower jaw symphysis does indicate differentiation between upper and lower jaws. Furthermore, the long period of tooth retention characteristic of these genera create a record of ontogenetic heterodonty within a tooth file observable as an increase in tooth size lingually. Although tooth shape did not significantly co-vary with jaw position in either taxa, significant morphometric differences between the two genera were evident. These findings strengthen the taxonomic validity of the genera and recognized species within these genera and provide further insights into the niche of these Devonian sharks.

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BOOK REVIEW: André J. Veldmeijer about Thompson, J. 2015. Wonderful Things. A History of Egyptology. 1: From Antiquity to 1881

PalArch’s Journal of Egyptology/Archaeology of Egypt, 12(2) (2015)
A good number of well-established colleagues, such as Brian Fagan, Kara Cooney and Kent Weeks, have written book reviews of ‘Wonderful Things’ (see and I can only confirm their enthusiasm and opinions. ‘Wonderful Things’ “follows […]

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Christophe Hendrickx, Scott A. Hartman & Octávio Mateus. 2015. An Overview of Non- Avian Theropod Discoveries and Classification. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 12, 1 (2015), 1-73. ISSN 1567-2158. 73 pages + 15 figures, 1 table.

hendrikx_thumbnail-Theropods form a taxonomically and morphologically diverse group of dinosaurs that include extant birds. Inferred relationships between theropod clades are complex and have changed dramatically over the past thirty years with the emergence of cladistic techniques. Here, we present a brief historical perspective of theropod discoveries and classification, as well as an overview on the current systematics of non-avian theropods. The first scientifically recorded theropod remains dating back to the 17th and 18th centuries come from the Middle Jurassic of Oxfordshire and most likely belong to the megalosaurid Megalosaurus. The latter was the first theropod genus to be named in 1824, and subsequent theropod material found before 1850 can all be referred to megalosauroids. In the fifty years from 1856 to 1906, theropod remains were reported from all continents but Antarctica. The clade Theropoda was erected by Othniel Charles Marsh in 1881, and in its current usage corresponds to an intricate ladder-like organization of ‘family’ to ‘superfamily’ level clades. The earliest definitive theropods come from the Carnian of Argentina, and coelophysoids form the first significant theropod radiation from the Late Triassic to their extinction in the Early Jurassic. Most subsequent theropod clades such as ceratosaurs, allosauroids, tyrannosauroids, ornithomimosaurs, therizinosaurs, oviraptorosaurs, dromaeosaurids, and troodontids persisted until the end of the Cretaceous, though the megalosauroid clade did not extend into the Maastrichtian. Current debates are focused on the monophyly of deinonychosaurs, the position of dilophosaurids within coelophysoids, and megaraptorans among neovenatorids. Some recent analyses have suggested a placement of dilophosaurids outside Coelophysoidea, Megaraptora within Tyrannosauroidea, and a paraphyletic Deinonychosauria with troodontids placed more closely to avialans than dromaeosaurids.

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Brichieri-Colombi, Stephen. 2015. Engineering a Feasible Ramp for the Great Pyramid of Giza. – Palarch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 12(1) (2015), 1-16. ISSN 1567-214X. 16 pages + 8 figures, 1 table.

Brichieri-Colombi_PJAEE_12_1_2015-1_thumbnailAlthough it is widely believed by archaeologists that the Great Pyramid was built using sleds hauled up ramps, no economically feasible ramp configuration has yet been found which would have permitted the placement of the 44 granite beams weighing up to 75 t and the 2.3 Mm3 of limestone blocks of the pyramid, in a period corresponding to the 27 year reign of Pharaoh Khufu. This paper focuses on engineering considerations: it proposes a simple configuration which is structurally sound and consistent with the archaeological evidence and the principles of ergonomics, mechanics and materials engineering, with a volume of only 6% of that of the pyramid. It demonstrates how the blocks, beams, supporting capstones and pyramidion could have been placed using only the tools found at Giza which date from the 4th Dynasty or earlier, within the constraints imposed by the topography of the Giza Massif.

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David J. Cicimurri, Charles N. Ciampaglio & Katelyn E. Runyon. 2014. Late Cretaceous Elasmobranchs from the Eutaw Formation at Luxapalila Creek, Lowndes County, Mississippi. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 11, 2 (2014), 1-36. ISSN 1567-2158. 36 pages + 19 figures.

Cicimurri-et-al-2014-PJVP-11-2-1A diverse vertebrate assemblage was recovered from the Eutaw Formation along a stretch of Luxapalila Creek in Lowndes County, Mississippi. The assemblage is dominated by elasmobranchs but also includes osteichthyans (seven species), archosaurs (one crocodilian, two dinosaurs), and turtles (trionychid and chelonioid). Twenty one elasmobranch taxa were identified (14 selachians and seven batoids), including new species Meristodonoides multiplicatus, Lonchidion cristatum, and Cantioscyllium grandis. Our sample also enabled us to expand the known range of variation for some other poorly diagnosed species. The elasmobranch assemblage consists predominantly of species with presumed benthic habits (14), including the orectolobiform sharks and sclerorhynchid rays, whereas the seven lamniform sharks represent pelagic species. We believe that the sharks and rays inhabited a warm-water, nearshore marine environment.

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BOOK REVIEW: Donald R. Prothero about Grande, L. 2013. The Lost World of Fossil Lake: Snapshots from Deep Time – Chicago, University of Chicago Press

PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology, 11(1) (2014)
Perhaps the greatest treasures in paleontology are not individual skeletons of spectacular dinosaurs, but the incredible treasure troves of fossils from the famous “Mother Lode” deposits of fossils known as Lagerstätten. There are about a dozen or so such famous localities around the world, where the fossils have undergone extraordinary preservation. Most preserve the animals in complete articulated state, undisturbed by scavengers and currents, and some even preserve original soft tissue and original colors. These incredible accumulations of fossils tell us so much more than an individual skeleton, because they preserve entire organisms virtually intact, often exhibiting different kinds of behaviors (such as the fish swallowing other fish found in the Green River shales, subject of this book). In addition, they give a nearly unbiased cross-section of nearly all the life in a region at a given time, not filtered by how much hard tissue the organism had that might enhance its chances of preservation. Bit by bit, color-illustrated books of many of these legendary localities, such as the Burgess Shale, the Solnhofen Limestone, and the Messel localities, have been published. […]

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BOOK REVIEW: Matthew C. Mihlbachler about Prothero, D. 2013. Rhinoceros Giants: The Paleobiology of Indricotheres. – Bloomington, Indiana University Press

thumb_ProteroPalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology, 10(6) (2013)

I have one vivid memory from my summer vacation between the 2nd and 3rd grade – discovering a ragged and faded copy of All About Strange Beasts of the Past by Roy Chapman Andrews at a neighbor’s garage sale. To me, the most exciting chapter of this elementary-level book was Andrew’s obviously embellished recollection of the discovery of the mired ‘Beast of Baluchistan’ during the famous Central Asiatic Expeditions in the 1920s. The Beast is vividly described as longer than a school bus, nine feet taller than a giraffe, and as heavy as “the great dinosaur Brontosaurus”.

The size of the hornless Oligocene rhinocerotoid Paraceratherium (it has gone by many names) is main reason for its fame and it is not surprising that, along with mega-sharks, mega-dinosaurs, and mega-crocs, there would be a book about mega-rhinos. The back cover of ‘Rhinoceros Giants’ boasts, “The life and times of the largest land animal that ever lived” […]

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Cockcroft, Robert & Sarah Symons. 2013. Diagonal Star Tables on Coffins A1C and S2Hil: A New Triangle Decan and a Reversed Table. – Palarch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 10(3) (2013), 1-10. ISSN 1567-214X. 10 pages + 5 figures, 4 tables.

thumb_cockroft&symonsWe present updates for two ancient Egyptian diagonal star tables on coffins A1C and S2Hil. A1C reveals a new triangle decan, H3t s3bw, which brings the total number of triangle decans to 13 and the total number of unique triangle decans to 12 (because of the duplication of nTr D3 pt). We discuss its relevance, why it has likely remained hidden for so long, and why it may have been lost on other star tables. S2Hil is re-examined with new photographs provided by the Roemer- und Pelizaeus-Museum, Hildesheim. We find several striking features of this table that make it unique among the current collection, and also present more information of this table not previously identified.

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BOOK REVIEW: Christoffer Theis about Lapp, W. 2011. Chronologie Ägyptens und des Vorderen Orients. Von Josef in Ägypten bis zur Plünderung Thebens durch die Assyrer und der Deportation der Israelis nach Babel. – Gelnhausen, Wagner Verlag GmbH

thumb_TheirPalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 10(2) (2013).

Wolfgang Lapp legt mit seinem Buch (noch) eine (neue) alternative Chronologie für den Vorderen Orient im Zeitraum zwischen 1800 und 500 vor Christus vor, mit der er seinen eigenen Worten gemäß “etwas Licht in die graue Vorzeit gebracht zu haben” glaubt (S. 9). […]

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TER-QUA 2012 Proceedings: David A. Burnham, Bruce M. Rothschild, John P. Babiarz & Larry D. Martin. 2013. Hemivertebrae as Pathology and as a Window to Behavior in the Fossil Record. – Palarch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 10(5) (2013), 1-6. ISSN 1567-2158. 6 pages + 1 figure.

Burnham-et-alAn extinct feline ecomorph Hoplophoneus was afflicted with a congenital anomaly (hemivertebra) not previously observed in cats and not previously reported in fossil mammals. The position of the hemivertebrae provided little opportunity for other cervical vertebrae to compensate for the resultant 40-degree deformity.

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Sarah E. Wolff. 2013. Home on the Range: Biogeographic Distribution of Bison in Arizona. – Palarch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 10(4) (2013), 1-11. ISSN 1567- 2158. 11 pages + 3 figures, 1 table

cover_Wolff-Ter-Qua-PJVP-10-4-1The American bison are traditionally thought of as animals of the vast plains and grasslands, but paleontological and archaeological evidence supports the view that the biogeographic range of bison extended throughout the continental United States to include the American Southwest and Arizona. During the Pleistocene (2,588,000 BP to 11,700 BP), there are several paleontological and archaeological signatures of bison herds in Arizona. From approximately 12,000 BP to AD 1 there is no evidence for bison in the area. This changes around AD 1 when the climate became more favorable, and bison expanded back into Arizona. The last historic bison remains in Arizona date to AD 1650. From AD 1650 until the early 1900s, there are no bison documented in Arizona. Reintroduction of bison to Arizona’s national forests and ranches began in the early 1900s and continues to today. Bison can still be seen on the Arizona landscape demonstrating the temporal longevity of the biogeographic distribution of bison in Arizona.

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Foster, J.R. 2013. Ecological Segregation of the Late Jurassic Stegosaurian and Iguanodontian Dinosaurs of the Morrison Formation in North America: Pronounced or Subtle? – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 10(3) (2013), 1-11. ISSN 1567-2158. 11 pages + 4 figures, 1 table.

Foster-2013The Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation of western North America has yielded a number of specimens assigned to the ornithischian dinosaurs Stegosaurus and Camptosaurus, and many of these specimens come from channel sandstone deposits. Six new specimens are recorded mostly from channel sandstones as well. Indeed, early analyses of site occurrences (reducing the effects of large single-site samples) suggested that Stegosaurus and Camptosaurus were more often found in channel sandstone deposits than other common Morrison Formation dinosaurs such as Camarasaurus or Diplodocus. This also indicated the possibility of ecological segregation of the former two genera from other herbivorous dinosaurs of the Morrison. Revisiting this question with additional data suggests the pattern may not be as strong as it once appeared. Analysis of occurrence data indicates that Stegosaurus and Camptosaurus occur in channel sandstone deposits slightly more frequently than the two sauropods, but statistical analysis of this pattern by either localities or individuals indicates little significance to the trend. However, Camptosaurus appears more strongly associated with channel sandstone deposits relative to other dinosaurs than does Stegosaurus. These results suggest that any ecological segregation of these genera was moderate, but that, if present, the segregation was more pronounced in Camptosaurus.

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Farke, Andrew A. & Chiara A. Wilridge. 2013. A Possible Pterosaur Wing Phalanx from the Kaiparowits Formation (Late Campanian) of Southern Utah, USA – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 10(2) (2013), 1-6. ISSN 1567-2158. 6 pages + 1 figure.

Farke-&-Wilridge-FrontAbstract An isolated bone from the late Campanian-aged Kaiparowits Formation of southern Utah is tentatively identified as the terminal wing phalanx (manual phalanx IV-4) from a pterosaur, representing the first report of this clade from the formation. The specimen is 60 mm long and hollow, with thin and delicate walls and expanded ?proximal and ?distal ends. This is consistent with anatomy reported for equivalent elements in pterodactyloid pterosaurs. Although the specimen cannot be more precisely identified, it is consistent with occurrences of pterosaurs in penecontemporaneous terrestrial depositional environments throughout western North America.

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Wedel, M.J. & M.P. Taylor. 2013. Neural Spine Bifurcation in Sauropod Dinosaurs of the Morrison Formation: Ontogenetic and Phylogenetic Implications. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 10(1) (2013), 1-34. ISSN 1567-2158. 34 pages + 25 figures, 2 tables.

Wedel&Taylor FRONT Abstract It has recently been argued that neural spine bifurcation increases through ontogeny in several Morrison Formation sauropods, that recognition of ontogenetic transformation in this ‘key character’ will have sweeping implications for sauropod phylogeny, and that Suuwassea and Haplocanthosaurus in particular are likely to be juveniles of known diplodocids. However, we find that serial variation in sauropod vertebrae can mimic ontogenetic change and is therefore a powerful confounding factor, especially when dealing with isolated elements whose serial position cannot be determined. When serial position is taken into account, there is no evidence that neural spine bifurcation increased over ontogeny in Morrison Formation diplodocids. Through phylogenetic analysis we show that neural spine bifurcation is not a key character in sauropod phylogeny and that Suuwassea and Haplocanthosaurus are almost certainly not juveniles of known diplodocids. Skeletochronology based on the sequence of skeletal fusions during ontogeny can provide relative ontogenetic ages for some sauropods. Although such data are sparsely available to date and often inconsistent among sauropod genera they provide another line of evidence for testing hypotheses of ontogenetic synonymy. Data from skeletal fusions suggest that Suuwassea and Haplocanthosaurus are both valid taxa and that neither is an ontogenetic morph of a known diplodocid.

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Krauss, Rolf. With a Contribution by Victor Reijs. 2012. Babylonian Crescent Observation and Ptolemaic-Roman Lunar Dates. – Palarch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 9(5) (2012), 1-95. ISSN 1567-214X. 95 pages + 28 figures, 62 tables, 2 appendices.

Pages from Krauss 2012. Babylonian Crescent Observation and Ptolemaic-Roman Lunar Dates. PJAEE 9 5Abstract This article considers three question associated with Ptolemaic-Roman lunar chronology: did the temple service begin on Lunar Day 2; were lunar phases determined by observation and/or cyclically; how accurate were lunar observations? In the introduction, Babylonian and modern observations of old and new crescents are analyzed to obtain empirical visibility lines applicable to Egyptian lunar observations. Second Edition.

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TER-QUA 2011 Proceedings: Steven E. Fields, H. Gregory McDonald, James L. Knight & Albert E. Sanders. 2012. The Ground Sloths (Pilosa) of South Carolina. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 9(3) (2012), 1-19. ISSN 1567-2158. 19 pages + 7 figures, 1 table.

Fields.inddAbstract A summary of museum and literature records of ground sloths collected from South Carolina is presented.  The ground sloth record in South Carolina consists of three genera, Eremotheirum with two species, Megalonyx with three species and Paramylodon with one species.  Three of these species, Eremotherium eomigrans and Megalonyx leptostomus from the Blancan and Megalonyx wheatleyi from the Irvingtonian are new records for the state. An early Pliocene specimen of M. leptostomus is the earliest record of sloths from South Carolina. The fossil record of sloths in the state extends from the Pliocene (Blancan) through the Pleistocene (Late Rancholabrean) and is confined to sedimentary deposits on the Coastal Plain.

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TER-QUA 2011 Proceedings: Robert M. Chandler. 2012. A New Species of Tinamou (Aves: Tinamiformes, Tinamidae) from the Early-Middle Miocene of Argentina. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 9(2) (2012), 1-8. ISSN 1567-2158. 8 pages + 2 figures, 1 table.

Chandler_Final.inddAbstract A new species of tinamou from the early-middle Miocene (Santacrusian), Santa Cruz Formation of Argentina is named.  The new species is approximately 16 million year old and has an affinity with the modern genus Crypturellus based on the unique characteristics of the humerus, hence, the designation aff. Crypturellus.  Fossil species and the zooarchaeological record of modern tinamous are given.

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TER-QUA 2011 Proceedings: Jeremy B. Stout. 2012. New Material of Borealosuchus from the Bridger Formation, with Notes on the Paleoecology of Wyoming’s Eocene Crocodylians. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 9(5) (2012), 1-7. ISSN 1567-2158. 7 pages + 3 figures, 1 table.

Stout.inddAbstract The Eocene Green River and Bridger Formations of Wyoming represent lacustrine and fluvial environments noteworthy for an extremely diverse crocodylian fauna (at least eight species in seven genera). This paper discusses a fragmentary crocodylian jaw from the Bridger Formation, and also notes possible ecological partitioning among these sympatric crocodylians. The jaw fragment can be assigned confi dently to Borealosuchus based on the exclusion of the splenial from the mandibular symphysis and the presence of occlusal grooves between the alveoli, and it is referred tentatively to Borealosuchus cf. B. wilsoni. To examine the paleoecology of these crocodylians, variables based on habitat, body size, and inferred diet were formulated and species placed within respective categories. The research found that while there were more sympatric crocodylians in the early to mid Eocene of Wyoming than in any present-day biota, direct interspecifi c competition for resources is presumed to have been relatively low.

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BOOK REVIEW: PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 9 (4) (2012)

Front_300dpiChristoffer Theis about Habicht, Michael E. 2011. Nofretete und Echnation. Das Geheimnis der Amarna-Mumien. – Leipzig, Koehler & Amelang GmbH.

Die Geschichte der Amarnazeit und das Wirken der verschiedenen Charaktere, deren Namen Echnaton, Nofretete, Tutanchamun oder Aja II. wohl vielen Individuen ein Begriff sein dürften, ist in der Ägyptologie auch weiterhin ein vieldiskutiertes Thema – eine Publikationen zu den verschiedenen Bereichen […]

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TER-QUA 2011 Proceedings: Pennilyn Higgins. 2012. Climate Change at the Paleocene-Eocene Boundary: New Insights from Mollusks and Organic Carbon in the Hanna Basin of Wyoming. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 9(4) (2012), 1-20. ISSN 1567-2158. 20 pages + 7 figures, 3 tables.

Higgins.inddAbstract Climate change at the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) is frequently regarded as among the best ancient proxies for the potential effects of modern climate change. Terrestrial sections recording this event are few, but essential in understanding the impacts of rapid global change on land-dwelling life forms such as humans. In the Hanna Formation, exposed in the Hanna Basin of south-central Wyoming, the PETM and associated climate change are recorded in lacustrine and fl uvial sediments bracketing the Paleocene-Eocene boundary. Isotopic analysis of abundant fossil mollusks and organic carbon reveal interesting trends in the warming during the PETM and the subsequent climatic recovery. Changes in sedimentary environment due to climate change or tectonic events may be distinguishable through isotopic study, helping to clarify the direct impact of climate change on terrestrial ecosystems.

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TER-QUA 2011 Proceedings: Larry D. Martin. 2012. Institute for Tertiary-Quarternary Studies (TER-QUA). – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 9(1) (2012), 1-3. ISSN 1567-2158. 3 pages.

Martin_Final.inddThe start

TER-QUA (the Institute for Tertiary-Quaternary Studies) was organized in 1968 on the recommendation of the National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council’s U.S. National Committee of INQUA (the International Union for Quaternary Research). At this time it was under the directorships of Prof. Samuel Treves and Prof. Charles Bertrand Schultz both of the University of Nebraska.  TER-QUA was formed to bring together […]

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BOOK REVIEW: PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 9 (3) (2012)

Nicholas Warner about
Gates, Ch. 2011. Ancient Cities: The Archaeology of Urban Life in the Near East and Egypt, Greece and Rome. – London, Routledge.

The vast scope of this book almost inevitably makes any review of it partial and partisan. Who could possibly know everything about all of the cities that fall within its remit, much less the varied cultures that created them? How can the fragments of urban experience, represented here by the fragments of ancient cities that survive, ever be fully understood? Is it even worth bothering to condense the material into a single volume? The answer, for didactic purposes […]

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First International Chariot Conference. 2012. Schedule and Abstracts – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 9 (2) (2012), 1-13. ISSN 1567-214X. 13 pages.


First International Chariot Conference, organized jointly by NVIC and AUC. Held at the Netherlands-Flemish Institute in Cairo. New version with added pp (two abstracts). Updated 3rd version.

1 – 2 December 2012

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BOOK REVIEW: PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 9 (1) (2012)


Christoffer Theis about Dodson, A. 2003. The Pyramids of Ancient Egypt. – London, New Holland Publishers.

Aidan Dodson verfolgt mit seinem Buch den Ansatz, eine Zusammenstellung aller Pyramiden in Ägypten zu bieten, ein „up-to-date listing of all known examples belonging to kings and queens“ (S. 6, vgl. auch S. 7 & 13). Wie Dodson bereits auf S. 6 richtig feststellt, sind zwar einerseits sehr viele Bücher über Pyramiden erschienen, andererseits stellt es aber ein Desiderat dar, dass bisher kein Corpus alle Bauwerke in extenso behandelt. […]

Rachel Zheng, Andrew A. Farke & Gy-Su Kim. 2011. A Photographic Atlas of the Pes from a Hadrosaurine Hadrosaurid Dinosaur. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 8(7) (2011), 1-12. ISSN 1567-2158. 12 pages + 7 fi gures, 2 tables.

farke2011picAbstract Hadrosaurid dinosaurs are abundantly represented in terrestrial deposits from the Late Cretaceous, as isolated elements, associated specimens, and articulated skeletons with soft tissue. However, identifi cation of isolated elements can be diffi cult in the absence of adequate reference material. Here we present a photographic atlas of the complete pes from a hadrosaurine hadrosaurid (possibly Edmontosaurus annectens) collected in the Hell Creek Formation of Montana.

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Veldmeijer, André J. 2011. Studies of Ancient Egyptian Footwear. Technological Aspects. Part XIV. Leather Eared Sandals. – Palarch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 8(5) (2011), 1-31. ISSN 1567-214X. 31 pages + 14 figures, 3 tables.

veldm2011_picAbstract Leather Eared Sandals, i.e. sandals with pre-straps that are cut from the sole’s leather, are a well known category of sandals in ancient Egypt, mainly because the manufacturing is depicted in scenes that decorate tombs. Based on archaeological finds, we can recognise several subcategories and types. The present paper, as part of the Ancient Egyptian Footwear Project’s publication series, presents the technological details of this category of leather sandals. As usual in this series of papers, other topics are discussed in passing.

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BOOK REVIEW: PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 8 (4) (2011)

plife_everlasting1René van Walsem about Manley, B. & A. Dodson. 2010. Life Everlasting. National Museums Scotland Collection of Ancient Egyptian Coffi ns. – Edinburgh, National Museums Scotland.

After an overview (without title, pp. 1-10) of the history of the conglomerate of the National Museums Scotland – with special attention to the Egyptian collections and the individuals who were most closely related to their development, among whom Rhind was the most prominent – the Egyptian coffin collection is divided into seven ‘parts’.

The introduction sketches the archaeological and culture historical context. Part 1 (Cat. 1-2, pp. 12-19) describes two Middle Kingdom coffins of two men, both of whom were called Khnumhotep (no family relation), with the coffins respectively rectangular and anthropoid in shape. The main text is followed by notes, a pattern repeated for the remaining six parts. […]

Felipe Ribeiro de Santana, David J. Cicimurri & José Antonio Barbosa. 2011. New material of Apocopodon sericeus Cope, 1886 (Myliobatiformes, Myliobatidae) from the Paraíba Basin (Northeastern Brazil) and South Carolina (USA) with a reanalysis of the species.

Ribeiro_de_Santana_et_al_coverAbstract Myliobatiformes (Elasmobranchii: Batoidei) is circumglobally distributed and consists of 26 extant genera within ten families. The oldest records of the group occur in upper Cretaceous deposits, and one extinct species, Apocopodon sericeus, is found in the Danian (lower Paleocene) Maria Farinha Formation of the Paraíba Basin, Pernambuco state, northeastern Brazil. This taxon is known from isolated teeth and several partial dentitions in various states of completeness, and herein we describe a new, incomplete (lingual portion) Brazilian dental plate. Previously considered to be endemic to the Paraíba Basin, Apocopodon was recently identifi ed from South Carolina, United States. The sample consists of a nearly complete upper(?) dentition and numerous isolated teeth, and the material is indistinguishable from A. sericeus. The precise stratigraphic position and age of the South Carolina fossils is unknown, but based on the other associated Paleocene vertebrate fossils, we believe that the fossils originated from the Danian Rhems Formation. The South Carolina occurrence of Apocopodon represents a signifi cant geographic range extension of more than 7,000 km to the north of the type area, and the occurrence of this ray in such widely separated areas demonstrates the dispersion potential of fossil elasmobranch species. Analysis of the new specimens, along with reanalysis of all previously known Apocopodon dentitions maintained in Brazilian institutions, resulted in a revision of the morphological characteristics used to identify the taxon.

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BOOK REVIEW: Palarch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 8 (5) 2011

cover_webAlexandra A. de Sousa about Müller, S. & F. Schrenk. 2008. The Neanderthals. – London & New York, Routledge.

We do not know whether Neanderthals would have blended in with modern humans, but we certainly do have a lot of real (and imagined) ideas about who they were. This point is well made by the book titled “The Neanderthals”, which under the writing of Müller & Schrenk fi ts well into the series “People of the Ancient World”. Although this book has “nothing revolutionary to say”,[…]

Robert W. Boessenecker. 2011. A New Marine Vertebrate Assemblage from the Late Neogene Purisima Formation in Central California, Part I: Fossil Sharks, Bony Fish, Birds, and Implications for the Age of the Purisma Formation West of the San Gregorio Fault.

Boessenecker_frontpage1Abstract The Miocene to Pliocene Purisima Formation crops out in multiple transform fault bounded structural blocks in central California. As a result of poor exposure, strike slip fault offset, and uncertain intraformational correlations, some exposures of the Purisima Formation are not well dated. The San Gregorio section of the Purisima Formation occurs in the Pigeon Point Block, west of the San Gregorio Fault, along the coast of southern Halfmoon Bay. Ages based on invertebrate and diatom biostratigraphy support a Late Miocene to Early Pliocene age, while ash correlations indicate a much younger Middle to Late Pliocene (3.3-2.5 Ma) age. Abundant remains of marine vertebrates occur in the Purisima Formation. Recent fieldwork in the San Gregorio section identified a modest assemblage of 26 taxa, including sharks (Carcharodon carcharias, Carcharodon sp., Cetorhinus maximus, cf. Hexanchus, Isurus oxyrinchus, Pristiophorus sp., Squatina sp., and Sphyrna sp.), skates (Raja sp., cf. R. binoculata), bony fish (Paralichthys sp., Thunnus sp.), birds (Mancalla diegensis, Morus sp.), and 13 marine mammal taxa, including several new records for the Purisima Formation. The non-mammalian vertebrates of this assemblage are described herein. The vertebrate assemblage is utilized to evaluate previous biostratigraphic and tephrochronologic age determinations for the San Gregorio section. The stratigraphic range of Carcharodon carcharias, Raja sp., cf. R. binoculata, Mancalla diegensis, and some of the marine mammals strongly indicate a Middle to Late Pliocene age for the upper and middle parts of the section, while a Late Miocene or Early Pliocene age is probable for the base of the section.

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BOOK REVIEW: Palarch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 8 (1) 2011

ptitleChristoffer Theis about Lepre, J.P. 2006. The Egyptian Pyramids. A Comprehensive Illustrated Reference. – Jefferson/London, McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers (2nd Edition).

Das mit 341 Seiten recht umfangreiche Buch von J.P. Lepre stellt nach seiner eigenen Aussage eine “manuscript compilation for my own reference” dar, “providing me with quick access to crucial information while in the field” (S. VII). Im Buch findet sich zu jeder Pyramide ein einzelner Eintrag, der diverse Informationen enthält. Darüber hinaus […]

BOOK REVIEW: Palarch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 8 (3) 2011

web_Cover_Servant_of_MutDaniel Arpagaus about D’Auria, S.H. Ed. 2008. Servant of Mut: Studies in Honor of Richard A. Fazzini. – Leiden/Boston, Brill (Probleme der Ägyptologie 28).

Die Festschrift für Richard Fazzini, den langjährigen Kurator und Vorsteher der Abteiling für ägyptische Kunst am Brooklyn Museum, New York, versammelt insgesamt 32 Aufsätze von Freunden un Kollegen. Der Inhalt der Beiträge is vielfältig und deckt ein chronologisches Spektrum von Har-Aha (Redford: 198ff.) bis zu Ptolemaios XII. ab (Johnson & McLain: 134ff.). Thematisch lassen sich trotzdem […]

Gregory Bearman, Mark S. Anderson & Kenneth Aitchison. 2011. New Imaging Methods to Improve Text Legibility of Ostraca – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 8(2) (2011)

Pages from bearman_g_etal_new_imaging_methods_to_improve_text_legibility_of_ostraca_PJAEE_8_2-2Abstract We report on experiments on three new methods to improve text contrast for carbon ink ostraca. These are (1) Raman imaging, (2) Micro-focus XRF scanning and (3) exogenous contrast agents either to enhance the X-ray signal or create an optical fluorescence signal. We tested all three methods with modern ‘stunt’ ostraca, made using a variety of carbon-based inks. In each imaging modality, the inks are clearly differentiated from the clay background. The exogenous contrast enhancement, in particular, suggests a variety of approaches to improving text legibility.

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BOOK REVIEW: Palarch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 8 (3) 2011

switek_coverIlja Nieuwland about Brian Switek. 2010. Written in Stone. Evolution, The Fossil Record, and Our Place in Nature. – New York, Bellevue Literary Press.

The history of vertebrate paleontology has simultaneously been very well and very poorly served in the past. Certain periods have seen tens or hundreds of publications devoted to them, and there’s little new to be found out about London in the 1830s and 1840s, or the Bone Wars of the 1870s and 1880s. But there’s still a whole world to be discovered. One of the – many – admirable qualities of Brian Switek’s first book, Written in Stone, is that Switek generally steers clear from re-hashing the historical warhorses of vertebrate paleontology and so offers something that holds interest for both the lay reader and the paleontological veteran.

BOOK REVIEW: Palarch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 8 (2) 2011

rev_pinhasi_coverB.L. Beatty about Pinhasi, R.& Mays, S. (eds.) 2008. Advances in Human Palaeopathology. – Hoboken, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Paleopathology, as a science, has a deep and rich history, and most so for that which is focused on humans. Cases of pathologies in mummies, ancient buried skeletons, and even simply historical records are abundant, and have been praised not just for helping us understand the history of disease, but also in the role they play in humanizing history and historical figures. But this focus on cases has resulted in little available literature and direction in methods that are not simply the methods used by modern pathologists. While the interpretation of paleopathologies has had some very helpful standardization (Buikstra & Ubelaker, 1994), as well as discussions on theoretical limitations and opportunities in how they should be interpreted in animals in an evolutionary context (Beatty & Heckert, 2009, Beatty & Rothschild, 2009, Beatty & Dooley, 2010, Wolff, 2008, Wolff, 2009), methodologies used with modern technologies are largely relegated to the primary literature. In Pinhasi and Mays’s recent edited volume, “Advances in Human Palaeopathology”, we get a comprehensive collection of all the most up to date reviews on modern methods used in paleopathology of ancient humans. The book is organized in two parts: Analytical Approaches in Palaeopathology (chapters 1-9) and Diagnosis and Interpretation of Disease in Human Remains (chapters 10-16). Here I will review these chapters for their content and how they may be utilized by vertebrate palaeontologists.

BOOK REVIEW: Palarch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 8 (1) 2011

rev_sepkoski_coverB.L. Beatty about Sepkoski, D. & Ruse, M. (eds.) 2009. The Paleobiological Revolution. – Chicago, University of Chicago Press

The history of palaeontology tends to focus on Darwin, Cope and Marsh, or if someone is particularly scholarly, the Burgess Shale. But with the exception of studies on Darwin, few of these ever delve deeper in the broader meaning of the history of palaeontology in any Kuhnian paradigm shifting nature. That may be because palaeontology, despite all the excitement over new technologies and integrations with developmental biology, morphometrics or cladistics, is still largely dependant on classical methods – one needs to find and dig up the fossils, then identify and describe them, before much else can be done with them. Palaeontology had remained something of a “stamp-collecting” science, at least on a procedural basis as it was perceived, until the development of what most would call paleobiology. This book, edited by David Sepkoski and Michael Ruse, is a chronicle of the history of how paleobiology got “to the high table” in evolutionary biology. Perhaps most impressive, these editors managed to get these chapters together so cohesively, and by many of the original authors of seminal papers in what started in the early 1970s, including Raup, Bambach, Hallam, Sepkoski, and Valentine. It is unfortunate that Steven J. Gould and Jack Sepkoski and Tom Schopf did not live to contribute to this, but it is clear from the repeated focus on these individuals in the chapters by others that their influence is omnipresent despite their lack of authorship here.

BOOK REVIEW: Palarch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 7 (7) 2010

Punseenimages1André J. Veldmeijer about Picton, J. & I. Pridden. 2008. Unseen Images. Archive Photographs in the Petrie Museum. Volume 1: Gurob, Sedment and Tarkhan. – London, Golden House Publications

Sometimes, a book does not need a long review to explain its importance. ‘Unseen Images. Ar­chive Photographs in the Petrie Museum. Vol­ume 1: Gurob, Sedment and Tarkhan’ is one of these…

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Tor Bertin. 2010. A Catalogue of Material and Review of the Spinosauridae. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 7 (4): 1-39

Bertin_frontpageAbstract Spinosaurids are a monophyletic clade of large-bodied, long-snouted theropod dinosaurs known from minimal skeletal material. In an effort to assist future research on this unu­sual clade, a catalogue of past spinosaurid discoveries is presented. Database information includes specimen numbers, material identification, locality information, depositional environments, stratigraphic detail, generic or subclade assignment, tooth measurements, tooth placement, and detailed notes on the nature of the finds themselves when needed. Previously reported biogeographic and faunal dispersal patterns suggest that spinosau­rids may eventually be found in North American strata, potentially having migrated from western Europe in the Early Cretaceous and eastern Asia over the Beringian isth­mus in the Late Cretaceous. This database may be useful for predicting future points of spinosaurid discovery.

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BOOK REVIEW: Palarch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 7 (9) 2010

PEreignis1Ingrid Blom-Böer about Fitzenreiter, M. 2009. Das Ereignis Geschichtsschreibung zwischen Vorfall und Befund. – London, Golden House Publications (IBAES X)

Dem Vorwort zum ersten Band IBAES (Internet-Beiträge zur Ägyptologie und Sudanarchäologie/Studies from the Internet on Egyptology and Sudanarchaeology) Vol. I, 1998 kann man entnehmen, wie die Idee zur Internet-Publikation zustande kam und welche Ziele verfolgt werden sollten. Man möchte mit der zu dem Zeitpunkt relativ neuen Form der elektronischen Kommunikation den Versuch starten, „möglichst schnell, unkompliziert und preiswert Forschungsergebnisse einer breiten wissenschaftlichen Öffentlichkeit zugänglich zu machen.“ Durch die Interdisziplinarität der Beiträge erhoffeman sich des Weiteren, dass sich auch eine Leserschaft außerhalb der Ägyptologiefindet. Die Downloads aus dem Internet lassen sich problemlos öffnen und sind kostenlos. Im Vorwort des Bandes…

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BOOK REVIEW: Palarch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 7 (10) 2010

pdienstverpflichtung1Jan Moje about Hafemann, I. 2009. Dienstverpflichtung im Alten Ägypten während des Alten und Mittleren Reiches. – London, Golden House Publications (IBAES XII)

Die vorliegende Arbeit, die 1990 in dieser Version an der Akademie der Wissenschaften der DDR verteidigte Dissertation der Autorin, beschäftigt sich mit verwaltungstechnischen und ökonomischen Aspekten königlicher, also „staatlicher“ Dienstpflicht während des Alten und Mittleren Reiches. Zur Rezension lag die Druckversion des Textes vor, die in der Reihe IBAES stets parallel zu der nach einiger Zeit bequem kostenfrei verfügbaren Internetversion steht….

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BOOK REVIEW: Palarch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 7 (8) 2010

archinvestLukas Petit about Carver, M. 2009. Archaeological Investigation – London / New York, Routledge

I must admit I had my prejudices reading this new publication of Martin Carver. Another archaeological guide, which was moreover “the best book in the English language for fifty years” according to Richard Hodges of the University of Pennsylvania. Don’t we have enough of those books? From Wheeler’s ‘Archaeology from the Earth’, till Renfrew & Bahn’s ‘Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice’, they all try to be complete, objective, critical and influential. And at the end they never were, at least not without revising and reprinting regularly. It seems a myth that world’s archaeology is to be described in one publication, including un-endless types of find spots, un-endless ways of approaches and un-endless ways of interpretations. You would never try to write a book about the animals of the world with the intention to be complete, would you? So, why trying to summarize archaeological investigation? Nevertheless ….

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BOOK REVIEW: Palarch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 7 (3) 2010

9780253353580_lrgH.D. Sues about Ryan, M.J., B.J. Chinnery-Allgeier & D.A. Eberth. Eds. 2010. New Perspectives on Horned Dinosaurs: The Royal Tyrrell Museum Ceratopsian Symposium. – Bloomington, Indiana University Press

The Ceratopsia or horned dinosaurs are a very distinctive group of ornithischian dinosaurs. All have a narrow beak, and most have bony collars or frills extending from the back of the skull. The earliest forms were still rather small and bipedal. Later taxa attained large head and body size and became quadrupedal; they are often considered the dinosaurian analogue of a rhinoceros. Most of these derived forms also sport prominent nasal and/or supraorbital horns. One of the geologically youngest ceratopsians, Triceratops, ranks among the most widely known dinosaurs, rivaling its likely predator, Tyrannosaurus rex, in popular recognition.
Despite their appeal, ceratopsians have been the subject of only a few comprehensive studies. […]

Lucia Herrero & Andrew A. Farke. 2010. Hadrosaurid Dinosaur Skin Impressions from the Upper Cretaceous Kaiparowits Formation of Southern Utah, USA. – Palarch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 7(2) (2010), 1-7. ISSN 1567-2158. 7 pages + 1 figure.

farke_frontAbstract Skin impressions from hadrosaurid dinosaurs are relatively common finds throughout the Cretaceous Western Interior of North America. A recently discovered specimen from the late Campanian-aged Kaiparowits Formation of southern Utah is typical for hadrosaurs, with randomly arranged polygonal tubercles averaging around 4 mm in length and 3 mm in width. Based on the associated bones, these impressions likely originated on the thorax of the animal. In contrast with most previously published finds, the skin is not preserved in perfect articulation with the skeleton. This suggests a taphonomic mode in which the skeleton and soft tissues were partially disarticulated prior to burial.

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Luca Miatello. 2010. Examining the Grand Gallery in the Pyramid of Khufu and its Features. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 7(6) (2010)

miatello_coverAbstract The explanation of the symmetrical features on the west and east sides of the grand gallery in the pyramid of Khufu has always been an intricate puzzle for researchers. The existence of such peculiar features is generally related to the function of parking the granite plugs, but only three or four granite blocks were presumably used to plug the ascending corridor, while a much larger number of slots and niches are found in the gallery. Previous interpretations of niches, slots, cuttings and grooves are unsatisfactory, and the present investigation focuses on important, formerly neglected aspects. The analysis of numerical patterns in the design of the grand gallery provides crucial evidence, and a new interpretation of the features in the gallery is, therefore, proposed, by considering the numerous variables implied in the problem.

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Giulio Magli. 2010. Archaeoastronomy and Archaeo-Topography as Tools in the Search for a Missing Egyptian Pyramid – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 7(5) (2010)

magli_coverAbstract Among the royal pyramids of the 6th Egyptian Dynasty, that of the second king, Userkare, is missing. This Pharaoh, however, ruled long enough – two to four years – to plan his pyramid on the ground and have the workers excavate the substructure. Userkare’s unfinished tomb might therefore be buried in the sands of the Memphite necropolis, possibly with a copy of the Pyramid Texts carved on its walls. In the present paper, methods based on archaeo-topography and archaeoastronomy have been applied with the aim of finding the possible location of the building site of this monument.

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BOOK REVIEW: PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 7(4) (2010)

NyordJan Moje about Nyord, R. 2009. Breathing Flesh. Conceptions of the Body in the Ancient Egyptian Coffin Texts. – København, Carsten Niebuhr Institute Publications 37.

Sie Sargtexte gehören mit zu den wichtigsten Quellen über die altägyptischen Vorstellungen vom Jenseits. Sie waren Bereits Thema diverser Arbeiten, darunter jedoch relativ wenige Detailstudien zu den religiösen Konzeptionen und Vorstellungen einzelner Bereiche. In Diese Sparte ist nun das vorliegende Buch einzuordnen. Bei dieser umfangreichen…

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BOOK REVIEW: PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Northwest Europe, 5(1) (2010)

Yardeni1Yardeni Vorst about Rose, S. 2007. The Medieval Sea. – London/New York, Hambledon Continuum.

This book by Susan Rose deals with aspects of the sea and seafaring in Medieval times in Northern Europe, the Mediterranean and North Africa. Through time (the period 1000-1500 AD) Rose illustrates the difference in Europe in attitudes towards the sea, in shipbuilding practices and how changing coastlines and rising sea levels together with change in the political climate could alter all this in decades…

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Syverson, Valerie J. & Donald R. Prothero. 2010. Evolutionary Patterns in Late Quaternary California Condors. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 7, 1: 1-18

Front_syverson_protheroAbstract Pleistocene fossils related to the living California condor (Gymnogyps californianus) have been found in several locations in western North America. Different authors have either assigned these to the species G. amplus or considered them a chronological subspecies of G. californianus. We examined the morphology of the genus Gymnogyps from the late Pleistocene to the present, using hundreds of specimens from the asphalt deposits of Rancho La Brea (RLB) and 62 partial modern skeletons. The limb bones (using seven variables on each element) and skulls (using 13 variables) were quantitatively compared using bivariate and multivariate techniques. No significant size or shape change through time was apparent in RLB samples ranging from the late Pleistocene (35,000 radiocarbon years b.p.) to the early Holocene (9000 radiocarbon years b.p.), suggesting evolutionary stasis in the face of the climatic changes of the last glacial-interglacial cycle. Proximal limb elements and skulls showed patterns of variation consistent with a species distinction between the RLB specimens and modern G. californianus. This confirms Fisher’s (1944) contention that the RLB species is referable to G. amplus Miller 1911, and not referable to the modern species. A set of specimens from a 9000-year-old Indian midden in Oregon as well as the presence of Gymnogyps in early Holocene Pit 10 at RLB suggest that the modern and ancient Gymnogyps may have coexisted with each other as well as with humans, and not died out or become dwarfed with the extinction of the rest of the Pleistocene megafauna, as suggested by some authors.

BOOK REVIEW: PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 7(3) (2010)

DOP frontNicholas Warner about Schijns, W. With contributions from O. Kaper & J. Kila. 2008. Vernacular Mud Brick Architecture in the Dakhleh Oasis, Egypt and the Design of the Dakhleh Oasis Training and Archaeological Conservation Centre. – Oxford, Oxbow Books (Dakhleh Oasis Project Monograph 10)

Much has changed in the environment of the Dakhleh Oasis since the research published in this monograph was carried out in 1997, but this does not diminish its value. Rather it emphasizes the need for further thorough documentation of traditional habitats in Egypt before they dissappear entirely, swept away by a tide of structures of concrete, steel, fired brick and cheap limestone blocks. The impetus for this study was provided by….

Gregory Bearman & William A. Christens-Barry. 2009. Spectral Imaging of Ostraca. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 6(7) (2009)

20091201_artikelAbstract By analogy with ancient texts, infrared imaging of ostraca has long been employed to help improve readings. We report on extensive spectral imaging of ostraca over the visible and near infrared. Spectral imaging acquires the complete spectrum for each pixel in an image; the data can be used with an extensive set of software tools that were developed originally for satellite and scientific imaging. In this case, the spectral data helps explain why infrared imaging works to improve text legibility (and why not in some cases). A better understanding of the underlying imaging mechanism points the way for inexpensive methods for taking data either in the fi eld or at museums.

Author’s request: with revised email address and acknowledgement.

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BOOK REVIEW: PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 7(1) (2010)

PotManual1Augusto Gayubas about Wodzińska, A. 2009. A Manual of Egyptian Pottery. Volume 1: Fayum A-Lower Egyptian Culture. – Boston, Ancient Egypt Research Associates.

Dr. Anna Wodzińska, who works at the Institute of Archaeology of the University of Warsaw (Poland), is the head of the Ceramics Team of AERA (Ancient Egypt Research Associates) Field School. The main aim of the AERA Field School is to teach and train archaeological techniques for both, students and experienced archaeologists alike. Wodzińska developed for AERA four pottery manuals…

BOOK REVIEW: PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 6(10) (2009)

ockinga_coverJ. Moje about Ockinga, B.G. 2005. A Concise Grammar of Middle Egyptian. An Outline of Middle Egyptian Grammar by Hellmut Brunner Revised and Expanded. 2nd Edition. – Mainz, Philipp von Zabern

Bei der vorliegenden Grammatik handelt es sich um eine Weiterentwicklung des ‚„Abrisses der Mittelägyptischen Grammatik“ von Hellmut Brunner, die 1960 erstmals publiziert wurde. Die vorliegende Arbeit von Ockinga ist dabei die zweite Auflage in englischer Sprache, die sich inhaltlich nicht von der deutschen Fassung unterscheidet.

Nach den Vorworten zu jeder Auflage (pp. XI-XII) findet sich eine kurze Introduction (pp. XIII-XVI) zum Aufbau des Buches und seinen Intentionen. Dazu setzt Ockinga…

André J. Veldmeijer. 2009. Studies of Ancient Egyptian Footwear. Technological Aspects. Part x. Leather Composite Sandals. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 6(9) (2009)

Veldmeijer_coverAbstract The tenth part in the series on the manufacturing technology of ancient Egyptian footwear (phase I of the Ancient Egyptian Footwear Project) presents 15 so-called ‘leather composite sandals’. These well made sandals, usually in bright colours and decorated, are known from New Kingdom contexts; they were not a common commodity. Although the focus is on the technological aspects, several other topics will be dealt with nonetheless, albeit in passing, among which the preliminary typology.

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Eveline Zahradnik. 2009. Zur Darstellung eines Königs mit krankhaftem Beinbefund auf dem Relief ‘Spaziergang im Garten’. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 6(8) (2009)

zahradnik_2009_coverAbstract The relief Berlin 15000 from the Amarna Period, known as ‘The Stroll in the Garden’ most likely shows Tutankhamun with an injury of the left leg. According to a specialist in accident surgery who also practices sports medicine, the relief shows a man leaning on an auxiliary crutch whose left leg seems to be injured, as he is holding the crutch on his right side. This assumption is further strengthened by the fact that in 2005, a new CT scan of the mummy of Tutankhamun diagnosed a fracture of the left leg. Tutankhamun was also the sole king to be represented with sticks in his hands, and a high number of sticks were among his grave goods. I elaborate on the unusual representation of a young king holding a staff and the potential medical consequences and complications of a broken leg.

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Gregory Bearman & William A. Christens-Barry. 2009. Spectral Imaging of Ostraca. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 6(7) (2009)

20091201_artikelAbstract By analogy with ancient texts, infrared imaging of ostraca has long been employed to help improve readings. We report on extensive spectral imaging of ostraca over the visible and near infrared. Spectral imaging acquires the complete spectrum for each pixel in an image; the data can be used with an extensive set of software tools that were developed originally for satellite and scientific imaging. In this case, the spectral data helps explain why infrared imaging works to improve text legibility (and why not in some cases). A better understanding of the underlying imaging mechanism points the way for inexpensive methods for taking data either in the fi eld or at museums.

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BOOK REVIEW: PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Northwest Europe, 4(2) (2009)

review_roder2008A.J. Veldmeijer about Roder, H. Ed. 2008. Schuhtick. Von kalten Füßen und heißen Sohlen. – Mainz am Rhein, Philipp von Zabern

These are good times for lovers of shoes and books about shoes: the exhibition “Schuhtick. Von kalten Füßen und heißen Sohlen” can still be visited in Bremen (until 28 March 2010), after which it moves to Mannheim (until 15 November 2010) and only Saturday 3 October, the homage-exhibition about the great pioneer of the study of leather, Olaf Goubitz, opened in the Shoe- and Leather Museum, Waalwijk (The Netherlands). Several books have been published lately, which include, besides the books on the design on footwear: “Stepping through Time. Archaeological Footwear from Prehistoric Times until 1800” by Olaf Goubitz, Carol van Driel-Murray and Willy Groenman-Van Waateringe, “The Art of the Shoe” by Marie-Josèphe Bossan and “Shoes. A History from Sandals to Sneakers”, which is edited by Giorgio Riello and Peter McNeil. …

BOOK REVIEW: PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Northwest Europe, 4(1) (2009)

review_muir2008C. Vermeeren & K. Hänninnen about Muir, R. 2008. Woods, Hedgerows & Leafy Lanes. – Stroud, Tempus Publishing

This book by Richard Muir is about woodlands, hedgerows and leafy lanes in England and in particular the human infl uence on such landscape elements. It should be possible to recognize and interpret, with the assistance of the book, traces of human interference such as the management of woodlands, grazing or charcoal production. Aspects such as place names and folklore in connection with trees are also discussed.

The book is handy to use and looks attractive, with beautiful reproductions in both black and white and color and its tables are comprehensible. …

BOOK REVIEW: Palarch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology, 6(2) (2009)

review_protero2007B.L. Beatty about Prothero, D. & S. Foss. Eds. 2007. The Evolution of Artiodactyls. – Baltimore, The Johns Hopkins University Press

Until the explosive results of the popularity of dinosaurs stimulated by fi lms like Jurassic Park, mammal palaeontology dominated vertebrate palaeontology meetings and publications. And yet, despite these former decades of dominance, the state of affairs, particularly the systematics and descriptive work on one of the most common large mammal groups in North America and Europe, the Artiodactyla, has been rife with gaps and conundrums. It is unfair to characterize the present state of most artiodactyl groups
to some inadequacy of workers from past decades, as they were simply doing their best with the materials and methods of the times. But considering the diversity of artiodactyls worldwide and their rich fossil record, most artiodactyl workers today would probably agree that the number of specialists had declined for much of the 1980s and 1990s. This last decade has been a renaissance for the fi eld, in part spurred by the debate over the position of the Cetacea within the Artiodactyla itself. …

NEWS: Spectacular discovery of first‐ever Dutch Neanderthal Fossil skull fragment unveiled by Minister Plasterk in National Museum of Antiquities

Foto: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig (D)

Foto: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig (D)

For the first time ever, a fossil of a Neanderthal has been discovered in the Netherlands. The skull fragment, over 40,000 years old, with its characteristically thick Neanderthal eyebrow ridge, was found off the coast of Zeeland, dredged up from the bottom of the North Sea. Huge quantities of fossil bones have been brought to the surface from this seabed since 1874, however, this is the first time a Neanderthal fossil has been found. The unique discovery was officially unveiled on the 15th of June by Ronald Plasterk (Dutch Minister of Education, Culture and Science) at the Rijksmuseum van Oudheden (National Museum of Antiquities) in Leiden, where it is on display to the public starting from June 16th.

The discovery of the first Neanderthal fossil on Dutch territory is of tremendous importance to the cultural heritage of the Netherlands and a milestone for Dutch archaeology and palaeontology. The discovery also underlines the archaeological and geological richness of the North Sea. During the Ice Age, this area was mostly a dry lowland plain rather than a sea. Stone tools of Neanderthals and large quantities of fossil bones of mammoths and other Ice Age animals have been trawled up from the bottom of the North Sea regularly. Never before have researchers found fossils of the actual Neanderthals themselves, though.

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NEWS: PalArch launches its new web site

The PalArch Foundation has today launched its new web site. For the time being, only new publications are accessible, but we are going to transport our archives to the new site this summer. Of course, all publications will remain freely accessible.

The new architecture we use offers some exciting new possibilities, in particular the possibility to receive automatic updates through dedicated RSS feeds and via e-mail.

Haan, de, H.J. 2009. Building the Great Pyramid by Levering. A Mathematical Model. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 6, 2: 1-22

Abstract A review of the extensive literature on the building of the Egyptian pyramids reveals that so far this problem has not been treated in a systematic, quantitative way. The present study aims at filling this gap by means of an integrated mathematical model, taking into account the interaction between various activities involved, such as quarrying, transportation and building. I focus my attention on the largest pyramid, the one built by Khufu.

The model simulates an efficient project co-ordination by balancing supply and demand of the building material, with all activities related to the growth of the pyramid and assuming a constant total workforce. This makes it possible to determine the effect of different building methods and of the productivity of the workers on the workforce required for the various tasks. In this paper only one building method has been considered, namely levering. Calculations have been carried out for two sets of input data, indicated as base case and maximum case.

Assuming a project duration of 20 years with 2624 working hours per year, the workforce for this building method is estimated to range from 4 000 to 10 000 men directly involved in the building of the pyramid and the supply of the necessary material.

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Panadès I Blas, X. & R. Patnaik. 2009. A Complete Crocodylian Egg from the Upper Miocene (Chinji Beds) of Pakistan and its Palaeobiographical Implications. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 6, 1: 1-8

Abstract The first fossil crocodylian egg from the Upper Miocene the Chinji Formation of the Siwalik Group of Pakistan is reported here. It represents a new locality, and the first record of the order in the area. The specimen was uncovered in a fl uvial environment, and cannot be defined more accurately, because of the poor preservation of its structural levels, and lack of direct association to osseous remains.

keywords: crocodylians – eggshells – egg – Pakistan – Palaeooölogy – palaeooöspecies



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Veldmeijer, A.J. 2009. Studies of Ancient Egyptian Footwear. Technological Aspects. Part XV. Leather Curled-Toe Ankle Shoes. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 6, 4: 1-21

Abstract In ancient Egypt sandals were a common commodity despite the fact that people must have been used to walking on bare feet. Shoes were less common though several types are known from the archaeological record. Despite the many examples of footwear, however, detailed studies are lacking. The present paper presents the closed shoes ‘curled-toe ankle shoes’, that are made of leather. The focus, as is usual in this series, lies on manufacturing technology; other topics are discussed in passing. A preliminary typology is proposed.

 Pdf file (1.3 MB)

Krauss, R. 2009. Der Berliner „Spaziergang im Garten“ – antiker Murks oder moderne Fälschung? Mit einem Exkurs über Heinrich Schäfers Ägyptenaufenthalt 1898-1901. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 6, 1: 1-20

Abstract The relief slab Berlin 15000, popularly known as ‘the stroll in the garden’, which depicts a royal couple in Amarna style, was acquired around 1900 in Egypt on the art market, and thus lacks an archaeological provenance. Features in favour of its authenticity include the physical proportions of the figures, the anatomically ‘correct’ depiction of their feet, and their costume in general, though not in detail. Other features suggest the relief could be a forgery – for example, the fact that the figures are not typically ‘top-heavy,’ the use of the line customarily indicating the kilt for drawing the king’s lower left leg, the absence of compositional unity in a scene purportedly of the Amarna period, and iconographically unparalleled details of the queen’s sash and cloak. These and other factors, both pro and contra authenticity, are reviewed and considered.

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BOOK REVIEW ISSUE PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 6, 3 (2009): 1-7

  • W.M. van Haarlem about Bard, K.A. 2007. An introduction to the Archaeology of Ancient egypt. – Malden/Oxford/Carlton, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
  • W.M. van Haarlem about Bonnet, Ch. D. & D. Valbelle. 2006. Pharaonen aus dem schwarzen Afrika. – Mainz, Philipp von Zabern
  • S. Ikram about Vermeersch, P.M. Ed. 2008. A Holocene Prehistoric sequence in the egyptian red sea Area: The Tree shelter. – Leuven, Leuven University Press
  • J. Moje about Landesmuseum Württemberg, Stuttgart. Ed. 2007. Ägyptische Mumien. Unsterblichkeit im Land der Pharaonen. – Mainz, Philipp von Zabern (in German).

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BOOK REVIEW ISSUE PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 5, 2 (2008): 13-17

  • H.J.M. Meijer about Martill, D.M., G. Bechly & R.F. Loveridge. 2007. The Crato fossil beds. Window into an ancient world. – Cambridge, Cambridge University Press
  • A.J. Veldmeijer about Mol, D., W. van Logchem, K. van Hooijdonk & R. Bakker. 2007. De sabeltandtijger uit de Noordzee. – Norg, Drukware
  • I.J.J. Nieuwland about Wellnhofer, P. 2008. Archaeopteryx. Der Urvogel von Solnhofen – München, Friedrich Pfeil and Bollen, L. 2008. Der Flug des Archaeopteryx. Auf der Suche nach dem Ursprung der Vögel – Wiebelsheim, Quelle und Meyer

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Heeteren, van, A.H. 2008. Homo floresiensis as an island form. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 5, 2: 1-12

Abstract Homo floresiensis is a small bodied hominin from the Indonesian island Flores. The type specimen, LB1, is believed to be a female of approximately 1 m or a bit more than 3 feet in length with a cranial capacity of around 400 cc. There is still no agreement on the cause of the small stature and small cranial capacity of LB1 and the associated individuals.
Homo floresiensis displays several island adaptations, which also have been observed among the members of other typical island faunas, indicating that Homo floresiensis might very well have been an endemic island form. Homo floresiensis has morphology similar to that of a Homo erectus juvenile, since it has a high orbital, dental and brachial index, low humeral torsion, low tibial torsion and a high gonial angle. Additionally Homo floresiensis has shortened lower limbs. The features displayed by Homo floresiensis give an indication of the manner of dwarfing by paedomorphosis, which was by truncating growth through increase in the rate of skeletal ossification, possibly caused by hormonal changes.

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BOOK REVIEW ISSUE PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 5, 2 (2008): 1-6

  • A.J. Clapham about Cappers, R.T.J. 2006. Roman foodprints at Berenike. Archaeobotanical evidence of subsistence and trade in the Eastern Desert of Egypt. – Los Angeles, Cotsen Institute of Archaeology, University of California, Los Angeles (Berenike Reports 6, Monograph 55)
  • A.J. Veldmeijer about Parkinson, R. 2008. The painted tomb-chapel of Nebamun. Masterpieces of ancient Egyptian art in the British Museum. – London, British Museum Press
  • C.H. van Zoest about Small, L. 2006. Napoleon on the Nile. Soldiers, Artists, and the Rediscovery of Egypt. – New York, Dahesh Museum of Art

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Warrimont, de, J.P.L.M.N. 2007. Prospecting Middle Palaeolithic open-air sites in the Dutch-Belgian border area near Maastricht. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Northwest Europe 1, 3: 40-89

Abstract Since 1981 a series of brickyard quarries to the north and west of Maastricht, in the municipalities of Maastricht (The Netherlands) and Lanaken (Belgium), have been intensively and successfully prospected for human artefacts and faunal remains from the Pleistocene by scrutinising the vertical sections of exposed loess, which in many places is over ten m deep. These efforts were accompanied by extensive geostratigraphic surveys, which have been crucially important in dating the finds and reconstructing the palaeolandscape. Excavation programmes as well as ancillary studies were subsequently carried out at three of these quarries: Maastricht-Belvédère, Veldwezelt-Hezerwater and Kesselt-Op de Schans, each of which yielded multiple Middle Palaeolithic occupation horizons. This article describes the history of these excavations and studies, looking in some detail at the preliminary prospecting work that led to the discovery of this wealth of archaeological open-air sites. A separate description is provided of the litho- and chronostratigraphic frameworks of the three quarries, which has been key in establishing the chronology of Pleistocene occupation of this area. There is particular focus on the landscape and traces of occupation during the Belvédère Interglacial complex at Maastricht-Belvédère and the Weichselian Glacial at Veldwezelt-Hezerwater. The traces of fire and the macrofaunal remains encountered in the respective archaeological horizons are also discussed, and in particular their significance: are these natural phenomena or evidence of interventions by Pleistocene humans?

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Harbort, J., Ö. Gürvit, L.A. Beck, T. Pommerening. 2009. Extraordinary dental findings in an Egyptian mummy skull by means of Computed Tomography. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 1, 1: 1-8

Abstract An ancient Egyptian mummy skull from the Zoological Collection Marburg, Germany, was examined using computer assisted tomography. In this skull (referred to as Mummy skull no. 24) of a man who lived circa 50 BC we found three of his teeth in the cranial cavity. They had been retained after their loss caused by periodontal disease, and were inserted into the cranial cavity via a trans-sphenoidal hole, probably during the process of mummification.
In this article we describe the reasons for the loss of these three teeth and consider possible motivations for this extraordinary conservation. We believe this is the first time such a procedure has been reported. It is discussed in an historical-religious context, emphasizing the mythological background.
Furthermore, the medico-pharmaceutical methods to cure periodontal disease are described with reference to the ancient Egyptian medical papyrus Ebers – in the case of Mummy skull no. 24 one of the causes of loss of teeth.

 PDF file (1.1 MB)