TO INVESTIGATE INTERRELATIONSHIP AMONG SOCIO ECONOMIC VULNERABILITY, GEOGRAPHICAL VULNERABILITY AND FLOOD VULNERABILITY: A STUDY FROM GEOGRAPHICAL PERSPECTIVE OF MALAYSIA
Keywords:Socio Economic Vulnerability, Geographical Vulnerability, Flood Vulnerability, Malaysia.
Vulnerability research frequently evaluate the risk which effects the ability of system to respond in the case of a hazardous event. Risk is commonly associated with the system's social, physical, and economic components. Floods are a type of climate-related danger with an added spatial dimension. Therefore, the study objective is to check the interrelationship among socio economic vulnerability, geographical vulnerability, and flood vulnerability of Malaysia. To get this objective, the data was collected from the 250 social vulnerability of household by using a convenient sampling technique. Using cross sectional research design and quantitative research approach. The study proposed the Partial Least Square (PLS)-Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) technique along with several latent variables. The results had shown that social indicators get a proper significant contribution which is mainly from the direct impact of spatial neighborhoods and socio-economic conditions and indirect impact land tenure and demographics. Based on these findings, it is concluded that PLS-SEM is successfully amalgamated the joined vulnerability from the geographical and social factors. The SEM allowed an integrative evaluating vulnerability variable through various disciples and scales and therefore, offers a creative prospect for creating the more custom-made policies to the combat hazards.