ANALYSIS OF INTRINSIC AND EXTRINSIC MOTIVATIONAL FACTORS AFFECTING SPORTS PARTICIPATION OF UNIVERSITY LEVEL ATHLETES
Keywords:Motivational factors, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, Sports Participation
This research focusses on the impact of motivational factors in encouraging the athletes towards sports. To know the role of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in encouraging university athletes, survey methodology had been adopted and 171 participants consist of males and females were selected for this purpose. In order to select the sample, simple random sampling technique has been adopted. For the survey, Sports Motivation Scale (SMS) by Pelletier et al (1995) and Ugnt Folk an Island (Youth is Island, 2010) were used. In case of the correlation, the numerical values of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation are .565 and .217 respectively which shows that intrinsic motivation is more effective as compared to extrinsic. With reference to the beta value, it can be observed that beta values of intrinsic motivation (to accomplish and to experience stimulation) are .278 and 1.731 respectively. On the other hand beta values of extrinsic motivation (Identified, interjection and external regulation) are .670, -1.424 and -.113 respectively. From the survey results, it can be demonstrated that both intrinsic and extrinsic motivational factors are important for the athletes. Most of the participants were agreed with the statements given in the questionnaire. However, among four hypotheses, H3 was not selected because significant values and beta value relationship in regression analysis show us that intrinsic motivation is more important for the athletes as compared to extrinsic motivation.