INDIGENOUS TOURISM SUCCESS FACTORS AND IMPACT: A SYSTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEW
Indigenous people tourism is the leading destination for tourists to experience cultural authenticity and learn about the life of remote communities. This is a dilemma because indigenous peoples continue to develop in the face of modernization and capitalism. This article aims to identify the factors that influence the success of indigenous peoples' tourism development and provide an overview of the resulting impacts of tourism development. A Systematic Literature Review (SLR) from the Science Direct and Scopus databases guided by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) review protocol was used to analyze the data. The results of the electronic database search include articles that focus on tourism, indigenous people, indigenous tourism, and the impact of indigenous tourism. The effects are commodification, acculturation, lifestyle behavior patterns, economic benefits, resident empowerment, alleviating poverty, community attachment, and quality of life. A literature review of this article found the success factors for the development of indigenous tourism, namely, the development of programs based on the Participation of indigenous peoples and tourists, the development of eco-tourism, the development of sustainable tourism for indigenous peoples, and the experience of tourists to the indigenous culture and life of indigenous peoples. This review provides guidance based on research findings on the development of indigenous tourism while maintaining cultural authenticity and natural preservation. As a result, tourists can minimize the effects of an easily polluted environment and a culture that continues to experience acculturation. In the future, this review will become a reference in determining policies for the sustainability of indigenous people's lives.