• Dr. Ashfaq Ahmed
  • Saima Kausar
  • Muhammad Rashad Minhas


Poverty breeds malnutrition, deteriorates health, prevent access to health facilities and result in early death. Poverty is core problem for present day international community. Chinese premier Xi Jinping poverty alleviation strategy achieved United Nations (UN) 2030 agenda for sustainable development goal ten years ahead of schedule. World Bank (WB) acknowledges by 2017, poverty rate dropped from 81 percent in 1981 to 2.1 percent. Effective structural reforms helped in lifting 700 million Chinese out of arduous poverty. For completion of this study authors have applied qualitative explanatory method. Beijing allocated United States (US) $ 13 billion, applied and relied on internal resources to lift millions of people out of poverty. Study proposes Xi poverty alleviation strategy/framework inherits lessons for Pakistan. Modified version of alleviation framework can be applied by Islamabad. It is execution of constructivism to avoid short comes and accrue benefits. Sino-Pakistan teamwork through institutional framework is implementation of theory of neo-liberalism. Paper identifies three types of poverty in Pakistan including systemic, socio-cultural and deliberately caused systemic poverty. Study concludes President Xi policy alone cannot deliver much in Pakistan. Largescale benefits can be achieved through amalgamation of President Xi and erstwhile Chinese Premier Deng Xiaoping poverty alleviation strategies. India state of Gujrat alone has seventeen operational major and minor ports in close proximity. Pakistan needs to draw lessons, develop and operationalize new ports to invest at grassroot level in human development. Parallel strategy of bottom-up and top-down approach is key to overcome economic crisis and alleviate poverty.


Download data is not yet available.




How to Cite

Dr. Ashfaq Ahmed, Saima Kausar, & Muhammad Rashad Minhas. (2022). PRESIDENT XI’S POLICY FOR POVERTY ALLEVIATION LESSONS FOR PAKISTAN. PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt / Egyptology, 19(1), 2057-2066. Retrieved from