A RESEARCH REVIEW OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN PEACE AND CONFLICTS IN THE LIGHT OF QURAN AND BIBLE
All the praises and thanks for Allah Almighty and all greetings upon our Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW). The crisis of Right and falsehood continues since the world is created.
Allah Almighty created the existence of truth and the Prophets proclaimed to spread the truth in the world. The aim of preserving human rights is the priority in Prophecy. Taking care of human rights is essential in peace and war. As Allah Almighty says:
وَلَا يَجْرِمَنَّكُمْ شَنَآنُ قَوْمٍ عَلَى أَلَّا تَعْدِلُوا اعْدِلُوا هُوَ أَقْرَبُ لِلتَّقْوَى وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ ( المائدہ:8 )
Malice against a people should not prompt you to avoid doing justice. Do justice. That is nearer to Taqwa. Fear Allah. Surely, Allah is All-Aware of what you do.
This Quranic order proves that in Islam, the enemy will not be allowed to abstain in the war, because humanity is a necessary thing. Therefore, it is necessary to take care of peace and war situation. So, this research article will envisage the following cardinal points about the human rights in peace and conflict: (1) (What are the human rights in the light of the Quran and the Bible teachings? (2) What is the universal declaration of human rights in peace and war? (3) What is a comparative review of human rights in peace and warfare in the teachings of Quran and the Bible? (4) Are the Muslim and Christianity acting on their holy books or not, by referring on human rights in peace and war?