IMPACT OF MEDIUM OF INSTRUCTION ON STUDENT’S ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AT PRIMARY SCHOOL LEVEL OF QUETTA CITY, BALOCHISTAN
Teaching in child’s first language is effective than the second or third language which improves the academic performance. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of teaching students in their mother tongue at primary level and inspecting their achievement in academics at primary level at Quetta city.
Pre-test was conducted in 5 and 4 Grade class of the two schools of Quetta city. Same classes were observed for thirty days, 15 days in each class, two sections of five and fourth Grades was selected. The teacher was asked to deliver the lecture in mother tongue (Pashto) and Urdu respectively. Check list was used by observer to check the daily progress. After the observation period the post test was conducted in the same classes and the results were compared. The questionnaire was filled by the teachers. Focused group interview was also conducted from the selected classes. The data was analyzed statistically using SPSS 20.
Findings show that teachers agreed that child should be instructed at primary level in their first language as it is much more effective for improving their academic performance. Concisely, research findings indicate that child was satisfied when their native language was used and so the teacher as it take less time for her to make child understand of what s/he was teaching.