NEGOTIATING CULTURAL HYBRIDITY AND LIMINALITY IN KASHUA’S SECOND PERSON SINGULAR: A BHABHAIAN ANALYSIS
This paper aims to examine the theme of liminality and in-betweenness in the context of cultural hybridity in Kashua's novel, Second Person Singular. Using Bhabha's theory of liminality and in-betweenness as a theoretical framework, this qualitative research explores the liminal features in the text of selected novel. Obtained from the novel is examined and assessed using Bhabha's concept of liminality and the state of being in-between.The study reveals that the novel is replete with issues of liminality and in-betweenness, as the characters assimilate the identity of Western culture for fame, survival, and other purposes. They define themselves in terms of a Western identity that is neither purely their own nor purely alien, and hence they are living in a state of liminality and in-betweenness. Their journey from traditional native life to foreign Western life indicates their hybrid and liminal tendencies on their part. The study concludes that contemporary society is undoubtedly hybrid, lacking in individualistic features. This research will contribute to the existing knowledge in the field and provide valuable insights for future research.