CODE SWITCHING AND CODE MIXING IN THE SELECTED NOVELS OF NADEEM ASLAM
Due to language contact, code switching and code mixing is frequently observed in multilingual and multiethnic countries like Pakistan. In this study the researcher aims to find the types of code switching and code mixing, the representation of culture through code switching and code mixing and the extinct to which code switching and code mixing is used in the novels ‘Maps for lost lovers’, ‘Season of Rain Birds’ and ‘The Wasted Vigil’ by Nadeem Aslam. Data is collected through content analysis to find out the most frequent type of code mixing and code switching by Asalm in the selected novels. The researcher has used the theory of Poplack for identifying the types of code switching and the theory of Muysken to identify the types of code mixing. To identify the categories of culture, theory of Kachru et al. is used. The results showed that intra-sentential switching is more common in the novels written in English and Insertion is most frequent type of code mixing in the selected novels. In the context of South Asian Englishes mode of address is very much observed through Code Switching and Code Mixing in the selected novels of Aslam.