THE SERVICES OF THE FAMOUS PASHTO POET HAFIZ ALPURI IN THE FIELD OF WRITING THE HOLY QUR’AN, (SPECIAL STUDY OF HIS HISTORICAL MANUSCRIPT OF THE QUR’AN)
The Holy Qur’an is the word of Allah Almighty which is safe from all kinds of changes. Reciting it, is worship and understanding its commandments is obligatory. The process of preparing copies of the Holy Qur’an started from the time of the Companions of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him and his family and companions) and Muslims have been writing copies of the Holy Qur’an for their religious needs. In ancient times, manuscripts of the Holy Qur’an were written by hand, some of these manuscripts are still preserved in various libraries, mosques and other places which are the historical heritage of Muslims. One of them is a manuscript of the Holy Qur’an written by Abdul Samad known as Hafiz Alpuri, which was written by hand almost two centuries ago and is still preserved.
The aims of this study is to achieve the following: 1) introduction to Hafiz Alpuri, 2) to know the characteristics of Hafiz Alpuri’s manuscript Mushaf in terms of letters, sizes and type of paper, 3) to find out what the manuscript Qur’an has been given in terms of gilding and decoration. The main method used by the researcher in this study is analytical and descriptive.
This study consists of two parts. In first part, the introduction of Hafiz Alpuri is presented, while in second part, his manuscript of the Qur’an is analyzed. The research findings, suggestions and recommendations are given at the end of the paper.