THE WISE OF ANDALUSIA AND ITS POLITICAL AND RELIGIOUS IMPACT ON ANDALUSIAN SOCIETY
This research dealt with the life of one of the jurists of Andalusia, Yahya bin Yahya bin Katheer, and its impact on spreading the Maliki school of thought in Andalusia after he traveled to the Hijaz and studied at the hands of Malik bin Anas when he was 28 years old. The most famous and best of al-Muwatta’s novels is the one of Yahya in Andalusia, and he was with his imamate and his religion ,respectful to the princes and refused to take any position in the state. The researcher reached a number of results, including: The wise of Andalusia is a title that Malik bin Anas gave to the jurist Yahya bin Yahya, who was a jurist of good opinion and was the front of his country and the one who was followed by them and the perspective and relied upon and heard from him by the sheikhs of Andalus in his time. The fatwa of Andalus became dependent on Yahya’s opinion and saying And adopted in his novel the Book of Muwatta. The narrators followed him and published Malik's doctrine in Andalusia, and people began to hear the Muwatta from Yahya and admired his tradition. They imitated him and followed him, and to live with his imamate and his religion became a great position among the Umayyad princes of Andalusia, especially after he refused to accept his appointment as a judge in the states or in Cordoba. He had a greater position than judges among the princes there for his asceticism in the judiciary and his reluctance to accept it. The research isdivided into an introduction, two papers and a conclusion. The first topic dealt with its name, lineage, origin, and the reason for naming it as the sake of Andalusia and its sheikhs. The second study dealt with its scientific standing in Andalusia and its impact on the dissemination and confirmation of the Maliki school of thought in Andalusia and its participation in the Arabith revolution.