THE MAIN PROBLEMS, ORGANIZATION AND PRINCIPLES OF THE ANALYSIS OF STATISTICAL RESEARCH DATA OF KAZAKH CLANS AND TRIBES
Central Russian power after the accession of the territory of Kazakhstan in the XIX century. to Russia, it carried out important work on the study of the Kazakh steppe and, for this purpose, created several large-scale research expeditions and statistical surveys. The studies were carried out in Akmola, Semipalatinsk, Ural, Turgai, Syrdarya, Semirechensk regions. The materials collected in these regions were processed, sorted and published as “Land Use Materials of the Kyrgyz (Kazakhs)” (MKZ). Despite the fact that the main task of the expeditions was to identify “excess” lands, the indicated materials contain valuable information that shed light on history, ethnography, geology and geography, botany, economics, and features of the social structure of Kazakh society. An objective analysis of these sources of the XIX - early XX centuries allows you to recreate the history of the national outskirts of the Russian Empire. The article analyzes the materials of statistical and research expeditions conducted on the territory of the Steppe and Turkestan Governor Generals in the late XIX - early XX centuries. The materials of research expeditions in 1907-1909 were studied. under the leadership of V. Kuznetsov, who studied the Akmola region, and in 1909-1913. under the leadership of P. Rumyantsev, who studied the Semirechensk district. These documents provide versatile information on the structure of the tribal composition of the Kazakhs, economic, economic, social history and other aspects of the life support of the Kazakh people. Also, during the writing of the article, materials from the funds of the Central State Archive of the Republic of Kazakhstan were used: No. 362 “Management of state property of the Syr-Daria region”, No. 33 “Head of the resettlement business in the Syr-Daria region”, No. 8 “Management of the state property in the Akmola, Semipalatinsk and Semirechensk regions of the Ministry of Agriculture and state property”, etc.