THE VALUE OF CATUSPATHA AS A PUBLIC SPACE FOR THE BALINESE COMMUNITY IN THE KLUNGKUNG CITY, BALI INDONESIA: THE STRUGGLE FOR ACTIVITIES BETWEEN POLITICS, ECONOMICS AND SOCIO-CULTURE
The role of public space as one element of the city can provide character and identity for a city. In general, public space has a function of social interaction for the community, people's economic activities, and a place of cultural appreciation. As a center of interaction, public communication can be formal or informal. Also, as a means of organizing religious activities and other activities that involve many periods. Catuspatha as part of the city's public space with its functions and values seeks to maintain its consistency in the midst of modernization. This research is focused on the function of the catuspatha as the city's current public space, by taking research locations in the city of Semarapura, Klungkung Regency, Bali. These locations were taken in view of being the center of government in the royal eraand the center of Balinese cultural development. The purpose of this study is to find the value and function of the current catuspatha. This study shows that the catuspatha not only functions as the center of the city and the religious activities especially for the Balinese Hindu community but also becomes the center of worship activities for other people, in particular on religious holidays. Also, the arrangement of facilities around the catuspatha leads the wider community to carry out social activities both physical and psychological activities at the catuspatha on a local and national scale.