EULOGISTIC APPROACH IN THE SONNETS FROM MASIH’S THIRD BOOK OF POETRY ALONG WITH EXPLORATION OF THE HERMENEUTIC LAYERS OF HIS INDIAN EXTOLLED PERSONS’ SPEECH ACTS
The extolment of the kings and the religious elders and prominent figures as well as the scientific and royal men is a subject that has constantly drawn the attentions of the poets. With his eulogistic poem, the poet pursues a goal in every era and time that is interlaced with the goals of his forerunners; having such goals, the poets think of new wants and make efforts for satisfying them. Hakim Rokn Al-Din Kashani, as well, is amongst the great and well-known poets from Safavid Era. He travelled to India and attended the royal court of that land’s kings. Speaking and socialization with the royal court’s attendants made it necessary for him to, like the time he lived in Iran, apply part of his poems, including ode, sonnet and couplet poems, at the service of eulogy. We have made efforts in the present study to explore the social and literary hermeneutic layers of Masih Kashani’s extolled persons by the assistance of illustrations in his sonnets from the third poetical book and searching in the odes of the first and the second poetical books and doing research on various resources. Next, we will classify the approach in his eulogistic poems through investigating the semantic and internal layers of the poet himself thereby to show how and with what intellectual grounds and internal beliefs the poet has chosen the praised person and extolled him within the format of sonnet and ode.