INVESTIGATING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTING STYLES AND SOCIAL ANXIETY AND MENTAL HEALTH OF FIRST-GRADE FEMALE HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS
Objective: Parenting styles affect many psychological aspects, including psychological development, social adjustment, feelings of worth, self-confidence and success in work, and the occurrence of different behaviors in adolescents. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between parenting styles and social anxiety and the mental health of female high school students in x city. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 245 female high school students in x city in the academic year 2020-2021. Data were collected using the Baumrind Parenting Practice Questionnaire, the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents (SAS-A), and the Goldberg General Health Questionnaire (GHQ). Analyzes were performed by SPSS software at a significance level of 0.05. Results: The study of parenting style showed that 36.3% of parents were permissive, 48.8% authoritative and 13.9% authoritarian. There was a statistically significant difference between students' social anxiety in different parenting styles. Students' mental health was significantly different in different parenting styles in terms of anxiety, depression, and overall mental health. Conclusion: Considering the sensitivity of adolescence and the impact of psychological problems and the formation of abusive behaviors in adolescents, it is necessary to create awareness and education in parents to choose the appropriate parenting style.