THE IMPORTANCE OF DOCUMENTATION OF THE HISTORICAL HERITAGE AT RISK OF THE EARTHQUAKE WITH AN INSIGHT TO CASE STUDIES FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD
Today, the importance of preserving historical monuments from a historical and cultural perspective, as well as from the growth and development of the tourism industry point of view, as one of the most important strategies for job creation and sustainable development is obvious. As one of the oldest civilizations globally, before and after Islam, Iran has witnessed the emergence of architectural and engineering masterpieces, part of which is still standing despite the seismicity of the Iranian plateau and the devastating earthquakes. Therefore, in addition to the need to conduct studies and necessary measures to strengthen historical monuments, accurate documentation of these buildings at risk of earthquakes is essential to ensure the possibility of reconstruction and restoration of these monuments in case of earthquake damage. In this study, while reviewing the related technical literature, examples of historical monuments destroyed by earthquakes worldwide, with some explanation about the responsible earthquakes, are investigated using online resources and satellite imagery that are freely available. Finally, groups of earthquake-prone historical monuments have been proposed for documentation.