The Scarabaeusand its use in the field of political propaganda in Egypt during the era of the modern state


  • Dr. Tatheer Abdul-Jabbar Naji


           Into the archaeological sites,the Scarabaeuswas found in cemeteries and in places of daily life activities, written on it in the hieroglyphic script of the ancient Egyptian language. It was anciently used as seals in order to make documentation for agreements, contracts, and commercial goods or to write spells and amulets. The drawings on the decorated scarab were numerous, and the decorations included a variety of subjects; for the purpose of adornment and beautification, and other drawings that include protective talismans, and sometimes they hide some puzzles and various pictures, and the drawings are real scenes and sacred animals.

         The figure of the scarab was carved in the form of a black insect known to the ancient Egyptian in its shape in the nature of his land, and he took from its biography and his observation of it and sanctified it for his belief in its connection with the sun god and resurrection and immortality (the god Ra) as it was sacred to the ancient Egyptian man, as it was a symbol of the morning sun. It comes out of the earth early in the morning with the rising of the sun, and if the sun sets, the scarab disappeared in its hideout, which it had previously dug into the ground again, as its daily habit.

        And through this act, the link between the act of the scarab by rolling the ball of dung and the movement of the sun in the sky from the east to the sunset was established, and from here came the belief and assumption that the scarab represented and embodied the sun god in the morning and became a symbol of rebirth and birth again and of good omen, fertility and vitality.


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How to Cite

Dr. Tatheer Abdul-Jabbar Naji. (2021). The Scarabaeusand its use in the field of political propaganda in Egypt during the era of the modern state. PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt / Egyptology, 18(1), 4442-4454. Retrieved from