AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE PURPOSE OF THE SOUTHERN SHAFT OF THE KING’S CHAMBER OF THE GREAT PYRAMID
The main chamber of the Great Pyramid (the so-called ‘King’s Chamber’) has two shaft inlets; one in the northern wall, the other directly opposite in the southern wall. They are the starting points of two long shafts which exit the pyramid’s exterior. The purpose of these shafts has been disputed in scholarly literature with theories ranging from ventilation, to aesthetics, to stellar and solar targeting. This article investigates the southern shaft in particular, with the research presented here showing that it was possible for the sun’s light to make it all the way in to the King’s Chamber via this shaft. As a result, I favour solar targeting as the principal purpose for this shaft and present the hypothesis that this solar alignment played a role in the Heb Sed rites of King Khufu.