CAUSES OF TEACHER’ ABSENTEEISM AND ITS IMPACT ON STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT AT SECONDARY SCHOOLS OF DISTRICT KECH BALOCHISTAN, PAKISTAN
Paper aims to explore causes of Teacher’ absenteeism and its impact on students’ achievement at secondary level of schools of District Kech Balochistan, Pakistan. No doubt, education plays a key role in the progress and prosperity of the country; however, the Teacher’ absenteeism in schools in Pakistan has been a serious question. In order to find the causes of Teacher’ absenteeism in schools, a sample was taken from the population of 60 secondary school teachers (SST) and 15 headmasters of secondary school of the said District. In this research, questionnaire survey was used to collect data and were analysed through SPSS version 23. Findings of the study revealed that there are many factors which are causing Teacher’ absenteeism in secondary school that includes personal factors, school-related factors, and environmental factors. In personal factors, married teachers, unsatisfied with their job, family conflict, higher qualification teachers, transportation problem, poor performance and drug addiction are the major causes of Teacher’ absenteeism. Furthermore, lack of strong staff welfare in schools, Laissez-faire leadership style, poor supervision of teachers, extra duties on the teachers, poor salary, lack of in-service training programme, no check and balance on attendance are school factors which are causing Teacher’ absenteeism. Thus, research findings indicate that high absenteeism ratio in schools affects the performance of the students at secondary school.