REVIEW OF DISCUSSION OF DISCOURSE AS AN OBJECT OF LINGUISTICS.
This article discusses the critical discussion and rationale for discourse as an object of linguistics. The complexity of the concept of “discourse”, due to the ambiguity of this term, provides some definitions. The article analyzes the essence of the concept of discourse in the following definitions. Discourse should be understood as the text inextricably linked with the situational context: in conjunction with social, cultural, historical, ideological, psychological and other factors, with a system of communicative-pragmatic and cognitive goals author interacting with the addressee, which determines the special ordering of language units of different levels when embodied in the text. The discourse characterizes the communicative process leading to the formation of a certain formal structure - the text. Depending on the research tasks, discourse, in one case, means a separate concrete communicative event, in the other - means a communicative event as an integrative set of individual communicative acts, the result of which is a meaningful thematic community of many texts. In the article, ideas of the scientist about discourse are analyzed and generalized. Modern linguistics has replenished with a number of new disciplines that require new research methods. In this work, we will try to define discourse as an object of linguistics and correlate the concepts of “text” and “discourse” in modern linguistics.