MEASURING OVERALL JOB SATISFACTION LEVEL AMONG PUBLIC SECTOR UNIVERSITY TEACHERS OF SINDH, PAKISTAN, ITS’ IMPACT ON INDIVIDUAL PERFORMANCE
Job satisfaction is the most important factor of organizational success. It has received immense importance in the corporate sector and academia. The faculty job satisfaction has been an important factor to enhance education quality. The highly satisfied faculty delivers at optimum level and the learning quality of the students get improved. Several studies suggest faculty members in Pakistani universities are not happy with their jobs due to certain reasons. It has caused high turnover in the universities and faculty switches from one to other universities and it badly affects students’ performance as well as their future. The main objective of this research is to measure job satisfaction levels among faculty of members of public sector universities of Sindh Province and its impact on individual performance. It is survey-based study and utilizes deductive approach to draw the conclusions. The primary data collection has been made through structured questionnaires. The empirical analysis has been done through both descriptive and inferential statistics. The demographic analysis has been shown through crosstabs and histograms and hypotheses testing have been done through regression. The structured questionnaire was distributed among a targeted sample of 500 teachers using simple random sampling. Out of 500 respondents 456 questionnaires were received back and 19 questionnaires were rejected due to incomplete data or response bias, finally 437 questionnaires have been selected. It is found that compensation, promotional opportunities, work environment, relationship with supervisor, workgroup, and nature of work are found conducive in ameliorating job performance. Conversely, training opportunities, and performance appraisal were found insignificant in explaining job performance. On the other hand, compensation, promotional opportunities, work environment, training opportunities, relationship with supervisor, nature of work, and performance appraisal are found conducive in ameliorating individual performance but work group has no impact in ameliorating individual performance. Similarly, job satisfaction has a significant positive impact on individual performance. It shows that job satisfaction is the prominent factor of enhancing individual performance. It is found hygiene factors suggested by Herzberg’s two factor theory are found consistent in the environment of public sectors universities of Sindh. It means they are prominent factors to enhance the level of job satisfaction of the teachers therefore these factors should be properly reviewed and implemented in order to enhance job satisfaction which ultimately increase individual performance and finally the goal of quality education would be achieved. It is recommended that universities should pay attention to the job satisfaction of teachers. The management should devise such policies to keep their teachers’ satisfaction. The hygiene factors identified by Herzberg’s two factor theory should carefully be reviewed and implemented in public sector universities to ameliorate the job satisfaction level of teachers and the government should ensure that universities are taking corrective actions to achieve the job satisfaction level of teachers.