ISLAM IN WEST: A CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF THE WESTERN NEWSPAPER HEADLINES REGARDING HAGIA SOPHIA'S CONVERSION INTO A MOSQUE.
The researchers aim to analyze the newspapers’ post titles to explore how the print media utilizes the different linguistic features to disseminate different ideologies on reporting the conversion of the iconic Hagia Sophia into a mosque. The definition of Newspapers’ discourse is “biased chronology of events.” The researchers have collected the data from five Western Newspaper headlines to show how different international newspapers discursively represent an event through their headlines. The Newspapers include The Washington Post, The Telegraph, The Economist, and The New York Times. Orientalism and Islam’s representation in western media proposed by Edward Said took orientalism insights. The study also has employed Fairclough’s three-dimensional model of CDA (Critical Discourse Analysis) to analyze ideological representation in the headlines of selected newspapers. The researchers conclude that western newspapers termed the conversion’ a retreat from modernism,’ which interprets tragedy for the travelers and tourists. In terms of culture, it is a process of cultural cleansing. The contextual study and inclusion and exclusion of different social actors’ discourse brought intended ideologies in the newspapers. The print media serves as a distorting prism to reflect the mirror image to the masses.