RELAPSE BEHAVIOR OF NAPZA ABUSE AFTER REHABILITATION IN MAKASSAR CITY
This study aims to understand the behavioral changes in the abuse of Narcotics, Psychotropics, and Other Dangerous Addictive Substances (NAPZA) through interactions with the people around them or with illegal NAPZA by identifying the phenomenon of relapse behavior of post-rehabilitation abusers in Makassar City. Behavioral changes in the NAPZA relapse process (craving) and the efforts are taken to overcome them. Understanding and interpreting the craving so that NAPZA relapse can be minimized. This study assumes that by combining psychosocial therapy and appropriate craving management, NAPZA relapse will not occur by constructing the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of NAPZA abusers. The study was conducted using a qualitative method based on a constructivist paradigm approach that departs from the phenomenological tradition because the discussion of relapse behavior and its symptoms is related to social complexity. The analysis was carried out by interpreting and understanding the NAPZA relapse itself. Data collection was carried out by in-depth interviews, both from the informants themselves, in this case as abusers, counselors, or from the informants' families. Data were collected from 6 informants. The data is then analyzed to determine the factors and causes so that abusers experience NAPZA relapse and find solutions for handling them. The study results found that craving was the biggest problem for the occurrence of relapse, in addition to low self-efficacy and motivation. By doing psychosocial therapy combined with proper craving management, NAPZA relapse will not occur. Abusers can control their relapse based on cognitive-behavioral construction and build good communication between family and social environment in their social relationships due tothe interaction. With appropriate psychosocial therapy and craving management, abusers can respond to stress with positive activities and adapt and change their behavior so they do not relapse to recover.