KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE TOWARDS BLOOD DONATION OF PRESIDENTS AT CAT HAI AND BACH LONG VI ISLAND DISTRICTS AT HAI PHONG CITY IN 2019
Background: Blood transfusion and donation can save millions of lives. Recently, the Vietnam National Blood Bank reported a shortage of blood units. This can endanger for patients and people in the community who in need for treatment, especially in remote, isolated places. Materials And Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from 1/2019 to 12/2019 on Cat Hai and Bach Long Vi – 2 remote islands in northern Hai Phong, Vietnam. A total of 802 adults’ residents were randomly selected and interviewed using a pretested, structured questionnaire. Data were entered with Epi info 3.5 and transported to SPSS 20 for analysis.
Results: Of 802 participants, 251 (31.3%) and 586 (73.1%) were had adequate knowledge and positive attitude towards blood donation, respectively. Higher education status (AOR=2.18, 95%CI: 1.47-3.25), living location (AOR=1.37, 95%CI: 1.01-1.86) and history of previous donation (AOR =1. 49, 95%CI: 1.06-2.09) were significantly associated with knowledge of the participants. Residents who attained higher education (AOR=2.37, 95%CI: 1.44-3.89), had history of previous donation (AOR =1.6, 95%CI: 1.07-2.4) and had age at 24-30 (AOR=1.58, 95%CI: 1.04-2.38) were more likely to have good attitide status.
Conclusion: To increase the level of knowledge and attitude towards blood donation, health education to the community is recommended.