INDIA-THE UNITED STATES CIVIL NUCLEAR DEAL (2008) : SECURITY IMPLICATIONS FOR PAKISTAN
Keywords:Pakistan, India, United States, Pakistan, Civil Nuclear Deal, Nuclear Suppliers Group, Nuclear Proliferation Treaty, Uranium, Low Enriched Uranium.
This paper will try to analyze the India – United States Civil Nuclear Deal which shows the temperateness in the strategic partnership between the oldest and the largest democracies. Although the zeal of the deal has faded with the passage of time and the careless attitude of President Donald Trump towards India. But the fact remains that the significance of this deal lies in American recognition of India as a de-jure nuclear power by bypassing the NPT and NSG and the global nuclear non-proliferation regimes. This deal has paved the way of India in accomplishing mastery in the field of the art of the state nuclear technology. In 2005 when President Bush and Manmohan Singh - Prime Minister of India announced a broader state of initiatives as part of the new commitment to comprehensive bilateral relations. Among these, India –The United States Civil Nuclear Deal /the Civil Nuclear Cooperation Agreement or the 123 Agreement has gathered the greatest consideration. Both partners shared three objectives in undertaking this civil nuclear initiative; to boost the Indian economy and ensure energy security, to remove the core differences between India and the US, to strengthen the global non-proliferation regime. This undue nuclear incentive to India will further trigger the continuing arms race in war-torn South Asia and Pakistan’s concerns are not unsubstantiated.