EVALUATION OF DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE OF PAKISTAN WITH EMPHASIS ON MAN-MADE DISASTER

Authors

  • Rabeeya Raoof
  • Rabia Rasool
  • Javeria Sattar
  • Usman Taj Shami
  • Ghulam Murtaza
  • Muhammad Ashraf
  • Qurban Ali
  • Arif Malik

Abstract

Pakistan is among few countries in the world, which has been suffered the most due to both natural and man-made calamities. In the overall scenario, this research study was aimed to evaluate the Disaster Management Structure of Pakistan with an emphasis on Man-made Disasters. For the purpose of this evaluation for deeper understanding of the structure, Content Analysis Research Method was adopted on the available policies, documents and important legislation which govern the institutions to participate in disaster management. The results showed that there exists a three-layered structure to deal with the disaster but mainly it deals with the natural ones. The research finding also revealed existence of huge gaps at the policy and legislative levels to deal with the man-made disaster especially. The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), which is the largest federal institute to encounter the disasters, virtually defines disaster on the basis of natural and man-made but, remained silent on human induced disasters. While evaluating, policies in most of the documents were found reactive rather than proactive, therefore; the focus should be on Disaster Risk Reduction instead of mere Disaster Management as, minimizing the adverse effects of disasters can be more productive than responding to the damages of its outcome. Above all, strong coordination is considered an essence for success in any institution, which needs to be enhanced among NDMA, PDMA, DDMA, NACTA, CTD and Rescue Departments to manage and reduce the impact of manmade disaster.

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Published

2021-08-05

How to Cite

Rabeeya Raoof, Rabia Rasool, Javeria Sattar, Usman Taj Shami, Ghulam Murtaza, Muhammad Ashraf, Qurban Ali, & Arif Malik. (2021). EVALUATION OF DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE OF PAKISTAN WITH EMPHASIS ON MAN-MADE DISASTER. PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt / Egyptology, 18(09), 1281-1294. Retrieved from https://archives.palarch.nl/index.php/jae/article/view/9586