THE STRUGGLE FOR POLITICAL AUTONOMY & ROLE OF ETHNO-NATIONALIST MOVEMENT IN THE SOCIO-POLITICAL CONSTRUCTION OF SARAIKI IDENTITY IN SOUTH PUNJAB (ANALYTICAL STUDY)
The paper is an analytical study of the South Punjab where the people are struggling to establish their political identity in central Pakistan especially in South Punjab. The study emphasis to analyze that the issue of Saraiki movement and demand of new Saraiki province is basically the issue of identity as ethnic and linguistic issue in Punjab as Hazarra in KPK and Karachi in Sindh and it is considered as a challenge for the state how to address it. The demand of Saraiki Province as an identity is connected with language and therefore some political scholars measured it as a linguistic issue. But the changed phenomenon of the world the new administrative units are formed on identity based while language is a tool of expression for the people in every part of the world. Among the large numbers of languages, Saraiki is one of them. In Pakistan the majority people of South Punjab speak Saraiki and continuous claims that they are Saraiki. From the last two decades the issue of Saraiki identity with the demand of Saraiki province raised by the people of this region. This paper highlights the issue of Saraiki identity in Pakistan which is a multi-ethnic and multi-lingual state.