• Dr Muhammad Umar Riaz Abbasi
  • Dr. Sohail Akhtar
  • Dr. Syed Shameel Ahmed Quadri


This research paper primarily deals with US- Foreign Policy regarding Pakistan from Jimi Carter to Jo Biden. History has shown that the interests of the state play the most important role in shaping the policy of the states and not the ideological basis or human rights. States keep changing their foreign policy for their own benefits. Similarly, the United States, which ostensibly claims democracy as the basis of its foreign policy, but in reality its foreign policy, is shaped by the calculation of time and need. This historic strategy has been instrumental in understanding US foreign policy at various times. If US foreign policy is viewed with reference to Pakistan, there should be no such understanding and no final opinion. What's the difference between a Republican president and a Democrat coming to the US presidency for the last 73 years. US treated Pakistan different during Afghan war due its personal benefits. But after the withdrawn of Russia US changed its strategy and pushed India. The 9/11 attacks had a major impact on the foreign strategy that Republican President George W. Bush formulated during his eight-year presidency, focusing on harboring terrorists Those who help will also be counted as terrorists. This is the point on which Afghanistan was attacked. Obama, like George W. Bush, promised an end to the war in his election campaign, but after reviewing the situation, he formulated his Pak-Afghan strategy, which Bob Woodward mentions in his book, The Obama War. What's in the Obama War? In Obama's Pak-Afghan strategy, Pakistan and Afghanistan were recognized as separate states, but in the eyes of the Obama administration, both faced the same problem. At the same time, it was necessary to keep an eye on China. According to Woodward, Biden was key in implementing foreign policy. Obama's priorities have led to an increase in the number of US troops in Afghanistan. Undoubtedly, the Obama administration's policy will have a profound effect on Joe Biden's Afghan strategy. The Afghan problem cannot be solved without it. Joe Biden called the US victory based on Pakistani cooperation and made it credible. If the Taliban and Al Qaeda use Pakistani territory to attack US forces in Afghanistan, how will American taxpayers allow financial aid to Pakistan? Joe Biden called al-Qaeda Pakistan's problem, while Pakistan has always denied this. That is why Pak-US relations have never been strong due to ideological differences as well as US interest in foreign policy and double standards. This research paper seeks to examine Pak-US foreign policy.


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How to Cite

Dr Muhammad Umar Riaz Abbasi, Dr. Sohail Akhtar, & Dr. Syed Shameel Ahmed Quadri. (2023). PAK-US STRATEGIC RELATIONS FROM JIMI CARTER TO JOE BIDEN AND FOREIGN POLICY OF PAKISTAN: ANALYTICAL STUDY FROM HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE. PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt / Egyptology, 20(1), 536-547. Retrieved from