• Aamir Riaz
  • Muhammad Hamid Nawaz khan
  • Ms. Fatima Manzoor
  • Prof.Dr.Muhammad Ismail Kunmbher
  • Hammad Hafeez
  • Arif Masood
  • Muhammad Abubakar Jamil
  • Afia Naseem


The successful implementation of Total Quality Management (TQM) within an organization is heavily influenced by effective leadership. This study explores leadership’s role in successfully adopting and integrating TQM principles and practices. The research examines various leadership styles and behaviours that are associated with TQM implementation, as well as the impact of leadership on employee engagement, motivation, and commitment to quality improvement initiatives.


A mixed-methods approach was employed, involving both quantitative and qualitative data collection methods. The study utilized a sample size of 300 employees from diverse industries and organizational sizes. The participants were selected through a stratified random sampling technique to ensure representativeness across different sectors. Quantitative data were collected using structured questionnaires, measuring leadership styles, employee engagement, and quality improvement outcomes. The Leadership Behavior Inventory (LBI) was employed to assess leadership styles, while the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES) and the Quality Improvement Outcomes Questionnaire (QIOQ) were used to measure employee engagement and quality improvement outcomes, respectively. Qualitative data was gathered through semi-structured interviews with a subset of participants, selected through purposive sampling. The interviews aimed to obtain in-depth insights into leadership practices, employee perceptions, and challenges faced during TQM implementation.


The findings of this study contribute to the existing literature by highlighting the critical role of leadership in TQM implementation success. The results reveal that transformational leadership behaviors, such as vision setting, empowerment, and effective communication, positively influence employee engagement and commitment to quality improvement. Additionally, it was observed that leaders who foster a supportive organizational culture and provide resources and training for TQM initiatives facilitate the successful integration of TQM principles into daily operations. This study underscores the importance of leadership in driving organizational change and emphasizes the need for leadership development programs focused on TQM implementation. The findings can inform practitioners and organizations seeking to enhance their TQM efforts by emphasizing the role of leadership in creating a culture of quality and continuous improvement.



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How to Cite

Aamir Riaz, Muhammad Hamid Nawaz khan, Ms. Fatima Manzoor, Prof.Dr.Muhammad Ismail Kunmbher, Hammad Hafeez, Arif Masood, Muhammad Abubakar Jamil, & Afia Naseem. (2023). THE ROLE OF LEADERSHIP IN THE SUCCESSFUL IMPLEMENTATION OF TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT (TQM). PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt / Egyptology, 20(2), 330-345. Retrieved from

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