DISCURSIVE CONSTRUCTION OF ETHNICISM: A CRITICAL STYLISTIC STUDY OF LONDONSTANI
The current study is aimed at exploring and analyzing the discursive construction of ‘ethnicism’ in Gautam Malkani’s Londonstani. The study is an attempt to analyze the issues through the application of critical stylistics. Conceptual framework for the study includes the relevant views of Van Dijk. Analysis of the selected data unfolds the stylistic tools and techniques used by the novelist in construction of cultural, linguistic and religious differences, sense of relative deprivation and biased role of media in spreading racist ideology and mindset. The current research also exposes the effects of this issue on society by not only generating violent conflicts and ethnic disputes in society, but also causing threat to peace and security of the whole region. Furthermore, the study suggests significant views for eradicating ethnicism from society. Such suggestions are to formulate laws against verbal and non-verbal abuse of minority group members, to apply principles of egalitarianism in society, to raise a unified voice against abuse of power and to control the biased use of news media. Findings of this research can contribute to a better understanding of ethnicism, which may be used for more effective policy making and broader knowledge, when addressing these issues on different levels.